Now showing items 1102-1121 of 3035

    • A generalized framework unifying image registration and respiratory motion models and incorporating image reconstruction, for partial image data or full images. 

      McClelland, JR; Modat, M; Arridge, S; Grimes, H; D'Souza, D; Thomas, D; Connell, DO; Low, DA; Kaza, E; Collins, DJ; Leach, MO; Hawkes, DJ (2017-06-07)
      Surrogate-driven respiratory motion models relate the motion of the internal anatomy to easily acquired respiratory surrogate signals, such as the motion of the skin surface. They are usually built by first using image ...
    • Generation and characterisation of two D2A1 mammary cancer sublines to model spontaneous and experimental metastasis in a syngeneic BALB/c host. 

      Jungwirth, U; van Weverwijk, A; Melake, MJ; Chambers, AF; Gao, Q; Fivaz, M; Isacke, CM (2018-01-18)
      Studying the complex mechanisms underlying breast cancer metastasis and therapy response necessitates relevant in vivo models, particularly syngeneic models with an intact immune system. Two syngeneic spontaneously metastatic ...
    • Generation of Simplified Protein Raman Spectra Using Three-Color Picosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy 

      Donaldson, PM; Willison, KR; Klug, DR (AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2010-09-23)
      The well-known and prominent marker bands of aromatic amino acids in Raman spectra of protein and peptide films are revisited in the frequency and time domains using three-color picosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman ...
    • Genes Predisposed to DNA Hypermethylation during Acquired Resistance to Chemotherapy Are Identified in Ovarian Tumors by Bivalent Chromatin Domains at Initial Diagnosis. 

      Curry, E; Zeller, C; Masrour, N; Patten, DK; Gallon, J; Wilhelm-Benartzi, CS; Ghaem-Maghami, S; Bowtell, DD; Brown, R (2018-03-15)
      Bivalent chromatin domains containing both active H3K4me3 and repressive H3K27me3 histone marks define gene sets poised for expression or silencing in differentiating embryonic stem (ES) cells. In cancer cells, aberrantly ...
    • Genetic and regulatory mechanism of susceptibility to high-hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukaemia at 10p21.2. 

      Studd, JB; Vijayakrishnan, J; Yang, M; Migliorini, G; Paulsson, K; Houlston, RS (2017-03-03)
      Despite high-hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (HD-ALL) being the most common subgroup of paediatric ALL, its aetiology remains unknown. Genome-wide association studies have demonstrated association at 10q21.2. ...
    • Genetic correlation between multiple myeloma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia provides evidence for shared aetiology. 

      Went, M; Sud, A; Speedy, H; Sunter, NJ; Försti, A; Law, PJ; Johnson, DC; Mirabella, F; Holroyd, A; Li, N; Orlando, G; Weinhold, N; van Duin, M; Chen, B; Mitchell, JS; Mansouri, L; Juliusson, G; Smedby, KE; Jayne, S; Majid, A; Dearden, C; Allsup, DJ; Bailey, JR; Pratt, G; Pepper, C; Fegan, C; Rosenquist, R; Kuiper, R; Stephens, OW; Bertsch, U; Broderick, P; Einsele, H; Gregory, WM; Hillengass, J; Hoffmann, P; Jackson, GH; Jöckel, K-H; Nickel, J; Nöthen, MM; da Silva Filho, MI; Thomsen, H; Walker, BA; Broyl, A; Davies, FE; Hansson, M; Goldschmidt, H; Dyer, MJS; Kaiser, M; Sonneveld, P; Morgan, GJ; Hemminki, K; Nilsson, B; Catovsky, D; Allan, JM; Houlston, RS (2018-12-21)
      The clustering of different types of B-cell malignancies in families raises the possibility of shared aetiology. To examine this, we performed cross-trait linkage disequilibrium (LD)-score regression of multiple myeloma ...
    • Genetic Data from Nearly 63,000 Women of European Descent Predicts DNA Methylation Biomarkers and Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Risk. 

      Yang, Y; Wu, L; Shu, X; Lu, Y; Shu, X-O; Cai, Q; Beeghly-Fadiel, A; Li, B; Ye, F; Berchuck, A; Anton-Culver, H; Banerjee, S; Benitez, J; Bjørge, L; Brenton, JD; Butzow, R; Campbell, IG; Chang-Claude, J; Chen, K; Cook, LS; Cramer, DW; deFazio, A; Dennis, J; Doherty, JA; Dörk, T; Eccles, DM; Edwards, DV; Fasching, PA; Fortner, RT; Gayther, SA; Giles, GG; Glasspool, RM; Goode, EL; Goodman, MT; Gronwald, J; Harris, HR; Heitz, F; Hildebrandt, MA; Høgdall, E; Høgdall, CK; Huntsman, DG; Kar, SP; Karlan, BY; Kelemen, LE; Kiemeney, LA; Kjaer, SK; Koushik, A; Lambrechts, D; Le, ND; Levine, DA; Massuger, LF; Matsuo, K; May, T; McNeish, IA; Menon, U; Modugno, F; Monteiro, AN; Moorman, PG; Moysich, KB; Ness, RB; Nevanlinna, H; Olsson, H; Onland-Moret, NC; Park, SK; Paul, J; Pearce, CL; Pejovic, T; Phelan, CM; Pike, MC; Ramus, SJ; Riboli, E; Rodriguez-Antona, C; Romieu, I; Sandler, DP; Schildkraut, JM; Setiawan, VW; Shan, K; Siddiqui, N; Sieh, W; Stampfer, MJ; Sutphen, R; Swerdlow, AJ; Szafron, LM; Teo, SH; Tworoger, SS; Tyrer, JP; Webb, PM; Wentzensen, N; White, E; Willett, WC; Wolk, A; Woo, YL; Wu, AH; Yan, L; Yannoukakos, D; Chenevix-Trench, G; Sellers, TA; Pharoah, PDP; Zheng, W; Long, J (2019-02-01)
      : DNA methylation is instrumental for gene regulation. Global changes in the epigenetic landscape have been recognized as a hallmark of cancer. However, the role of DNA methylation in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains ...
    • The Genetic Landscape and Clonal Evolution of Breast Cancer Resistance to Palbociclib plus Fulvestrant in the PALOMA-3 Trial. 

      O'Leary, B; Cutts, RJ; Liu, Y; Hrebien, S; Huang, X; Fenwick, K; André, F; Loibl, S; Loi, S; Garcia-Murillas, I; Cristofanilli, M; Huang Bartlett, C; Turner, NC (2018-11)
      CDK4/6 inhibition with endocrine therapy is now a standard of care for advanced estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Mechanisms of CDK4/6 inhibitor resistance have been described preclinically, with limited evidence ...
    • Genetic losses in breast cancer: toward an integrated molecular cytogenetic map 

      Mao, X; Hamoudi, RA; Zhao, P; Baudis, M (2005-07-15)
      Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in Caucasian women, but is less frequent in Chinese women. The molecular basis for such ethnical difference in disease pathogenesis remains unknown. To address this issue, ...
    • Genetic mechanisms in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. 

      Jefferies, S (2001-02)
      Genetic mechanisms in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. This review aims to explore the genetic mechanisms involved in the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). The epidemiology ...
    • Genetic modifiers of CHEK2*1100delC-associated breast cancer risk. 

      Muranen, TA; Greco, D; Blomqvist, C; Aittomäki, K; Khan, S; Hogervorst, F; Verhoef, S; Pharoah, PD; Dunning, AM; Shah, M; Luben, R; Bojesen, SE; Nordestgaard, BG; Schoemaker, M; Swerdlow, A; García-Closas, M; Figueroa, J; Dörk, T; Bogdanova, NV; Hall, P; Li, J; Khusnutdinova, E; Bermisheva, M; Kristensen, V; Borresen-Dale, AL; Investigators, N; Peto, J; Dos Santos Silva, I; Couch, FJ; Olson, JE; Hillemans, P; Park-Simon, TW; Brauch, H; Hamann, U; Burwinkel, B; Marme, F; Meindl, A; Schmutzler, RK; Cox, A; Cross, SS; Sawyer, EJ; Tomlinson, I; Lambrechts, D; Moisse, M; Lindblom, A; Margolin, S; Hollestelle, A; Martens, JW; Fasching, PA; Beckmann, MW; Andrulis, IL; Knight, JA; Investigators, K; Anton-Culver, H; Ziogas, A; Giles, GG; Milne, RL; Brenner, H; Arndt, V; Mannermaa, A; Kosma, VM; Chang-Claude, J; Rudolph, A; Devilee, P; Seynaeve, C; Hopper, JL; Southey, MC; John, EM; Whittemore, AS; Bolla, MK; Wang, Q; Michailidou, K; Dennis, J; Easton, DF; Schmidt, MK; Nevanlinna, H (2016-10-06)
      CHEK2*1100delC is a founder variant in European populations that confers a two- to threefold increased risk of breast cancer (BC). Epidemiologic and family studies have suggested that the risk associated with CHEK2*1100delC ...
    • Genetic overlap between endometriosis and endometrial cancer: evidence from cross-disease genetic correlation and GWAS meta-analyses. 

      Painter, JN; O'Mara, TA; Morris, AP; Cheng, THT; Gorman, M; Martin, L; Hodson, S; Jones, A; Martin, NG; Gordon, S; Henders, AK; Attia, J; McEvoy, M; Holliday, EG; Scott, RJ; Webb, PM; Fasching, PA; Beckmann, MW; Ekici, AB; Hein, A; Rübner, M; Hall, P; Czene, K; Dörk, T; Dürst, M; Hillemanns, P; Runnebaum, I; Lambrechts, D; Amant, F; Annibali, D; Depreeuw, J; Vanderstichele, A; Goode, EL; Cunningham, JM; Dowdy, SC; Winham, SJ; Trovik, J; Hoivik, E; Werner, HMJ; Krakstad, C; Ashton, K; Otton, G; Proietto, T; Tham, E; Mints, M; Ahmed, S; Healey, CS; Shah, M; Pharoah, PDP; Dunning, AM; Dennis, J; Bolla, MK; Michailidou, K; Wang, Q; Tyrer, JP; Hopper, JL; Peto, J; Swerdlow, AJ; Burwinkel, B; Brenner, H; Meindl, A; Brauch, H; Lindblom, A; Chang-Claude, J; Couch, FJ; Giles, GG; Kristensen, VN; Cox, A; Zondervan, KT; Nyholt, DR; MacGregor, S; Montgomery, GW; Tomlinson, I; Easton, DF; Thompson, DJ; Spurdle, AB (2018-05)
      Epidemiological, biological, and molecular data suggest links between endometriosis and endometrial cancer, with recent epidemiological studies providing evidence for an association between a previous diagnosis of endometriosis ...
    • Genetic predisposition to B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia at 14q11.2 is mediated by a CEBPE promoter polymorphism. 

      Studd, JB; Yang, M; Li, Z; Vijayakrishnan, J; Lu, Y; Yeoh, AE-J; Paulsson, K; Houlston, RS (2019-01)
      Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common paediatric malignancy. Genome-wide association studies have shown variation at 14q11.2 influences ALL risk. We sought to decipher causal variant(s) at 14q11.2 and the ...
    • Genetic Predisposition to Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Is Mediated by a BMF Super-Enhancer Polymorphism. 

      Kandaswamy, R; Sava, GP; Speedy, HE; Beà, S; Martín-Subero, JI; Studd, JB; Migliorini, G; Law, PJ; Puente, XS; Martín-García, D; Salaverria, I; Gutiérrez-Abril, J; López-Otín, C; Catovsky, D; Allan, JM; Campo, E; Houlston, RS (2016-08-10)
      Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an adult B cell malignancy. Genome-wide association studies show that variation at 15q15.1 influences CLL risk. We deciphered the causal variant at 15q15.1 and the mechanism by which ...
    • Genetic Predisposition to Multiple Myeloma at 5q15 Is Mediated by an ELL2 Enhancer Polymorphism. 

      Li, N; Johnson, DC; Weinhold, N; Kimber, S; Dobbins, SE; Mitchell, JS; Kinnersley, B; Sud, A; Law, PJ; Orlando, G; Scales, M; Wardell, CP; Försti, A; Hoang, PH; Went, M; Holroyd, A; Hariri, F; Pastinen, T; Meissner, T; Goldschmidt, H; Hemminki, K; Morgan, GJ; Kaiser, M; Houlston, RS (2017-09-12)
      Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignancy of plasma cells. Genome-wide association studies have shown that variation at 5q15 influences MM risk. Here, we have sought to decipher the causal variant at 5q15 and the mechanism by ...
    • Genetic predisposition to prostate cancer. 

      Benafif, S; Eeles, R (2016-12)
      INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer (PrCa) is the commonest non-cutaneous cancer in men in the UK. Epidemiological evidence as well as twin studies points towards a genetic component contributing to aetiology. SOURCES OF DATA: ...
    • Genetic predisposition to testicular germ-cell tumours. 

      Rapley, L (2004-06)
      Genetic predisposition to testicular germ-cell tumours Testicular germ-cell tumours (TGCT) are the most common neoplasm in young men. Various studies have suggested the existence of an inherited predisposition to development ...
    • Genetic Risk Score Mendelian Randomization Shows that Obesity Measured as Body Mass Index, but not Waist:Hip Ratio, Is Causal for Endometrial Cancer. 

      Painter, JN; O'Mara, TA; Marquart, L; Webb, PM; Attia, J; Medland, SE; Cheng, T; Dennis, J; Holliday, EG; McEvoy, M; Scott, RJ; Ahmed, S; Healey, CS; Shah, M; Gorman, M; Martin, L; Hodgson, SV; Beckmann, MW; Ekici, AB; Fasching, PA; Hein, A; Rübner, M; Czene, K; Darabi, H; Hall, P; Li, J; Dörk, T; Dürst, M; Hillemanns, P; Runnebaum, IB; Amant, F; Annibali, D; Depreeuw, J; Lambrechts, D; Neven, P; Cunningham, JM; Dowdy, SC; Goode, EL; Fridley, BL; Winham, SJ; Njølstad, TS; Salvesen, HB; Trovik, J; Werner, HMJ; Ashton, KA; Otton, G; Proietto, A; Mints, M; Tham, E; Bolla, MK; Michailidou, K; Wang, Q; Tyrer, JP; Hopper, JL; Peto, J; Swerdlow, AJ; Burwinkel, B; Brenner, H; Meindl, A; Brauch, H; Lindblom, A; Chang-Claude, J; Couch, FJ; Giles, GG; Kristensen, VN; Cox, A; Pharoah, PDP; Tomlinson, I; Dunning, AM; Easton, DF; Thompson, DJ; Spurdle, AB; AOCS Group; for RENDOCAS; National Study of Endometrial Cancer Genetics Group (NSECG); Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group (ANECS) (2016-11)
      BACKGROUND: The strongest known risk factor for endometrial cancer is obesity. To determine whether SNPs associated with increased body mass index (BMI) or waist-hip ratio (WHR) are associated with endometrial cancer risk, ...
    • A genetic study and meta-analysis of the genetic predisposition of prostate cancer in a Chinese population. 

      Marzec, J; Mao, X; Li, M; Wang, M; Feng, N; Gou, X; Wang, G; Sun, Z; Xu, J; Xu, H; Zhang, X; Zhao, SC; Ren, G; Yu, Y; Wu, Y; Wu, J; Xue, Y; Zhou, B; Zhang, Y; Xu, X; Li, J; He, W; Benlloch, S; Ross-Adams, H; Chen, L; Li, J; Hong, Y; Kote-Jarai, Z; Cui, X; Hou, J; Guo, J; Xu, L; Yin, C; Zhou, Y; Neal, DE; Oliver, T; Cao, G; Zhang, Z; Easton, DF; Chelala, C; Al Olama, AA; Eeles, RA; Zhang, H; Lu, YJ (2016-04)
      Prostate cancer predisposition has been extensively investigated in European populations, but there have been few studies of other ethnic groups. To investigate prostate cancer susceptibility in the under-investigated ...