Now showing items 1-20 of 96

    • 18F-FDG PET/CT Optimizes Treatment in Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia and Is Associated with Reduced Mortality. 

      Berrevoets, MAH; Kouijzer, IJE; Aarntzen, EHJG; Janssen, MJR; De Geus-Oei, L-F; Wertheim, HFL; Kullberg, B-J; Oever, JT; Oyen, WJG; Bleeker-Rovers, CP (2017-09)
      Metastatic infection is an important complication of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). Early diagnosis of metastatic infection is crucial, because specific treatment is required. However, metastatic infection can be ...
    • Accuracy of screening women at familial risk of breast cancer without a known gene mutation: Individual patient data meta-analysis. 

      Phi, X-A; Houssami, N; Hooning, MJ; Riedl, CC; Leach, MO; Sardanelli, F; Warner, E; Trop, I; Saadatmand, S; Tilanus-Linthorst, MMA; Helbich, TH; van den Heuvel, ER; de Koning, HJ; Obdeijn, I-M; de Bock, GH (2017-11)
      INTRODUCTION: Women with a strong family history of breast cancer (BC) and without a known gene mutation have an increased risk of developing BC. We aimed to investigate the accuracy of screening using annual mammography ...
    • Adjuvant chemotherapy for resected biliary tract cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 

      Ghidini, M; Tomasello, G; Botticelli, A; Barni, S; Zabbialini, G; Seghezzi, S; Passalacqua, R; Braconi, C; Petrelli, F (2017-09)
      INTRODUCTION: The use of adjuvant treatment (AT) in resected biliary tract cancers (BTC) is still controversial. No efficacy comparison has been performed between chemotherapy (CT) and chemoradiotherapy (CTRT). A systematic ...
    • Androgen receptor gene status in plasma DNA associates with worse outcome on enzalutamide or abiraterone for castration-resistant prostate cancer: a multi-institution correlative biomarker study. 

      Conteduca, V; Wetterskog, D; Sharabiani, MTA; Grande, E; Fernandez-Perez, MP; Jayaram, A; Salvi, S; Castellano, D; Romanel, A; Lolli, C; Casadio, V; Gurioli, G; Amadori, D; Font, A; Vazquez-Estevez, S; González Del Alba, A; Mellado, B; Fernandez-Calvo, O; Méndez-Vidal, MJ; Climent, MA; Duran, I; Gallardo, E; Rodriguez, A; Santander, C; Sáez, MI; Puente, J; Gasi Tandefelt, D; Wingate, A; Dearnaley, D; PREMIERE Collaborators; Spanish Oncology Genitourinary Group; Demichelis, F; De Giorgi, U; Gonzalez-Billalabeitia, E; Attard, G (2017-07-01)
      Background: There is an urgent need to identify biomarkers to guide personalized therapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We aimed to clinically qualify androgen receptor (AR) gene status measurement in ...
    • Assessment of the contribution of the IHC4+C score to decision making in clinical practice in early breast cancer. 

      Barton, S; Zabaglo, L; A'Hern, R; Turner, N; Ferguson, T; O'Neill, S; Hills, M; Smith, I; Dowsett, M (2012-05)
      BACKGROUND: The immunohistochemical (IHC) 4+C score is a cost-effective prognostic tool that uses clinicopathologic factors and four standard IHC assays: oestrogen receptor (ER), PR, HER2 and Ki67. We assessed its utility ...
    • Association analyses identify 31 new risk loci for colorectal cancer susceptibility. 

      Law, PJ; Timofeeva, M; Fernandez-Rozadilla, C; Broderick, P; Studd, J; Fernandez-Tajes, J; Farrington, S; Svinti, V; Palles, C; Orlando, G; Sud, A; Holroyd, A; Penegar, S; Theodoratou, E; Vaughan-Shaw, P; Campbell, H; Zgaga, L; Hayward, C; Campbell, A; Harris, S; Deary, IJ; Starr, J; Gatcombe, L; Pinna, M; Briggs, S; Martin, L; Jaeger, E; Sharma-Oates, A; East, J; Leedham, S; Arnold, R; Johnstone, E; Wang, H; Kerr, D; Kerr, R; Maughan, T; Kaplan, R; Al-Tassan, N; Palin, K; Hänninen, UA; Cajuso, T; Tanskanen, T; Kondelin, J; Kaasinen, E; Sarin, A-P; Eriksson, JG; Rissanen, H; Knekt, P; Pukkala, E; Jousilahti, P; Salomaa, V; Ripatti, S; Palotie, A; Renkonen-Sinisalo, L; Lepistö, A; Böhm, J; Mecklin, J-P; Buchanan, DD; Win, A-K; Hopper, J; Jenkins, ME; Lindor, NM; Newcomb, PA; Gallinger, S; Duggan, D; Casey, G; Hoffmann, P; Nöthen, MM; Jöckel, K-H; Easton, DF; Pharoah, PDP; Peto, J; Canzian, F; Swerdlow, A; Eeles, RA; Kote-Jarai, Z; Muir, K; Pashayan, N; PRACTICAL consortium; Harkin, A; Allan, K; McQueen, J; Paul, J; Iveson, T; Saunders, M; Butterbach, K; Chang-Claude, J; Hoffmeister, M; Brenner, H; Kirac, I; Matošević, P; Hofer, P; Brezina, S; Gsur, A; Cheadle, JP; Aaltonen, LA; Tomlinson, I; Houlston, RS; Dunlop, MG (2019-05-14)
      Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and has a strong heritable basis. We report a genome-wide association analysis of 34,627 CRC cases and 71,379 controls of European ancestry that ...
    • Association of breast cancer risk with genetic variants showing differential allelic expression: Identification of a novel breast cancer susceptibility locus at 4q21. 

      Hamdi, Y; Soucy, P; Adoue, V; Michailidou, K; Canisius, S; Lemaçon, A; Droit, A; Andrulis, IL; Anton-Culver, H; Arndt, V; Baynes, C; Blomqvist, C; Bogdanova, NV; Bojesen, SE; Bolla, MK; Bonanni, B; Borresen-Dale, A-L; Brand, JS; Brauch, H; Brenner, H; Broeks, A; Burwinkel, B; Chang-Claude, J; NBCS Collaborators; Couch, FJ; Cox, A; Cross, SS; Czene, K; Darabi, H; Dennis, J; Devilee, P; Dörk, T; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Eriksson, M; Fasching, PA; Figueroa, J; Flyger, H; García-Closas, M; Giles, GG; Goldberg, MS; González-Neira, A; Grenaker-Alnæs, G; Guénel, P; Haeberle, L; Haiman, CA; Hamann, U; Hallberg, E; Hooning, MJ; Hopper, JL; Jakubowska, A; Jones, M; Kabisch, M; Kataja, V; Lambrechts, D; Le Marchand, L; Lindblom, A; Lubinski, J; Mannermaa, A; Maranian, M; Margolin, S; Marme, F; Milne, RL; Neuhausen, SL; Nevanlinna, H; Neven, P; Olswold, C; Peto, J; Plaseska-Karanfilska, D; Pylkäs, K; Radice, P; Rudolph, A; Sawyer, EJ; Schmidt, MK; Shu, X-O; Southey, MC; Swerdlow, A; Tollenaar, RAEM; Tomlinson, I; Torres, D; Truong, T; Vachon, C; Van Den Ouweland, AMW; Wang, Q; Winqvist, R; kConFab/AOCS Investigators; Zheng, W; Benitez, J; Chenevix-Trench, G; Dunning, AM; Pharoah, PDP; Kristensen, V; Hall, P; Easton, DF; Pastinen, T; Nord, S; Simard, J (2016-12-06)
      There are significant inter-individual differences in the levels of gene expression. Through modulation of gene expression, cis-acting variants represent an important source of phenotypic variation. Consequently, cis-regulatory ...
    • BOXIT-A Randomised Phase III Placebo-controlled Trial Evaluating the Addition of Celecoxib to Standard Treatment of Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder (CRUK/07/004). 

      Kelly, JD; Tan, WS; Porta, N; Mostafid, H; Huddart, R; Protheroe, A; Bogle, R; Blazeby, J; Palmer, A; Cresswell, J; Johnson, M; Brough, R; Madaan, S; Andrews, S; Cruickshank, C; Burnett, S; Maynard, L; Hall, E; BOXIT Investigators (2019-04)
      BACKGROUND: Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) has a significant risk of recurrence despite adjuvant intravesical therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether celecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase 2 inhibitor, reduces the risk ...
    • Breast cancer risk in relation to history of preeclampsia and hyperemesis gravidarum: Prospective analysis in the Generations Study. 

      Wright, LB; Schoemaker, MJ; Jones, ME; Ashworth, A; Swerdlow, AJ (2018-08-15)
      Preeclampsia and hyperemesis gravidarum are pregnancy complications associated with altered sex hormone levels. Previous studies suggest preeclampsia may be associated with a decreased risk of subsequent breast cancer and ...
    • Breast cancer risk variants at 6q25 display different phenotype associations and regulate ESR1, RMND1 and CCDC170. 

      Dunning, AM; Michailidou, K; Kuchenbaecker, KB; Thompson, D; French, JD; Beesley, J; Healey, CS; Kar, S; Pooley, KA; Lopez-Knowles, E; Dicks, E; Barrowdale, D; Sinnott-Armstrong, NA; Sallari, RC; Hillman, KM; Kaufmann, S; Sivakumaran, H; Moradi Marjaneh, M; Lee, JS; Hills, M; Jarosz, M; Drury, S; Canisius, S; Bolla, MK; Dennis, J; Wang, Q; Hopper, JL; Southey, MC; Broeks, A; Schmidt, MK; Lophatananon, A; Muir, K; Beckmann, MW; Fasching, PA; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Peto, J; Sawyer, EJ; Tomlinson, I; Burwinkel, B; Marme, F; Guénel, P; Truong, T; Bojesen, SE; Flyger, H; González-Neira, A; Perez, JI; Anton-Culver, H; Eunjung, L; Arndt, V; Brenner, H; Meindl, A; Schmutzler, RK; Brauch, H; Hamann, U; Aittomäki, K; Blomqvist, C; Ito, H; Matsuo, K; Bogdanova, N; Dörk, T; Lindblom, A; Margolin, S; Kosma, VM; Mannermaa, A; Tseng, CC; Wu, AH; Lambrechts, D; Wildiers, H; Chang-Claude, J; Rudolph, A; Peterlongo, P; Radice, P; Olson, JE; Giles, GG; Milne, RL; Haiman, CA; Henderson, BE; Goldberg, MS; Teo, SH; Yip, CH; Nord, S; Borresen-Dale, AL; Kristensen, V; Long, J; Zheng, W; Pylkäs, K; Winqvist, R; Andrulis, IL; Knight, JA; Devilee, P; Seynaeve, C; Figueroa, J; Sherman, ME; Czene, K; Darabi, H; Hollestelle, A; van den Ouweland, AM; Humphreys, K; Gao, YT; Shu, XO; Cox, A; Cross, SS; Blot, W; Cai, Q; Ghoussaini, M; Perkins, BJ; Shah, M; Choi, JY; Kang, D; Lee, SC; Hartman, M; Kabisch, M; Torres, D; Jakubowska, A; Lubinski, J; Brennan, P; Sangrajrang, S; Ambrosone, CB; Toland, AE; Shen, CY; Wu, PE; Orr, N; Swerdlow, A; McGuffog, L; Healey, S; Lee, A; Kapuscinski, M; John, EM; Terry, MB; Daly, MB; Goldgar, DE; Buys, SS; Janavicius, R; Tihomirova, L; Tung, N; Dorfling, CM; van Rensburg, EJ; Neuhausen, SL; Ejlertsen, B; Hansen, TV; Osorio, A; Benitez, J; Rando, R; Weitzel, JN; Bonanni, B; Peissel, B; Manoukian, S; Papi, L; Ottini, L; Konstantopoulou, I; Apostolou, P; Garber, J; Rashid, MU; Frost, D; Izatt, L; Ellis, S; Godwin, AK; Arnold, N; Niederacher, D; Rhiem, K; Bogdanova-Markov, N; Sagne, C; Stoppa-Lyonnet, D; Damiola, F; Sinilnikova, OM; Mazoyer, S; Isaacs, C; Claes, KB; De Leeneer, K; de la Hoya, M; Caldes, T; Nevanlinna, H; Khan, S; Mensenkamp, AR; Hooning, MJ; Rookus, MA; Kwong, A; Olah, E; Diez, O; Brunet, J; Pujana, MA; Gronwald, J; Huzarski, T; Barkardottir, RB; Laframboise, R; Soucy, P; Montagna, M; Agata, S; Teixeira, MR; Park, SK; Lindor, N; Couch, FJ; Tischkowitz, M; Foretova, L; Vijai, J; Offit, K; Singer, CF; Rappaport, C; Phelan, CM; Greene, MH; Mai, PL; Rennert, G; Imyanitov, EN; Hulick, PJ; Phillips, KA; Piedmonte, M; Mulligan, AM; Glendon, G; Bojesen, A; Thomassen, M; Caligo, MA; Yoon, SY; Friedman, E; Laitman, Y; Borg, A; von Wachenfeldt, A; Ehrencrona, H; Rantala, J; Olopade, OI; Ganz, PA; Nussbaum, RL; Gayther, SA; Nathanson, KL; Domchek, SM; Arun, BK; Mitchell, G; Karlan, BY; Lester, J; Maskarinec, G; Woolcott, C; Scott, C; Stone, J; Apicella, C; Tamimi, R; Luben, R; Khaw, KT; Helland, Å; Haakensen, V; Dowsett, M; Pharoah, PD; Simard, J; Hall, P; García-Closas, M; Vachon, C; Chenevix-Trench, G; Antoniou, AC; Easton, DF; Edwards, SL (2016-04)
      We analyzed 3,872 common genetic variants across the ESR1 locus (encoding estrogen receptor α) in 118,816 subjects from three international consortia. We found evidence for at least five independent causal variants, each ...
    • Can routine data be used to support cancer clinical trials? A historical baseline on which to build: retrospective linkage of data from the TACT (CRUK 01/001) breast cancer trial and the National Cancer Data Repository. 

      Kilburn, LS; Aresu, M; Banerji, J; Barrett-Lee, P; Ellis, P; Bliss, JM (2017-11-23)
      BACKGROUND: Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating new cancer treatments. They are, however, expensive to conduct, particularly where long-term follow-up of participants is required. Tracking ...
    • Circulating anti-Müllerian hormone and breast cancer risk: A study in ten prospective cohorts. 

      Ge, W; Clendenen, TV; Afanasyeva, Y; Koenig, KL; Agnoli, C; Brinton, LA; Dorgan, JF; Eliassen, AH; Falk, RT; Hallmans, G; Hankinson, SE; Hoffman-Bolton, J; Key, TJ; Krogh, V; Nichols, HB; Sandler, DP; Schoemaker, MJ; Sluss, PM; Sund, M; Swerdlow, AJ; Visvanathan, K; Liu, M; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A (2018-06-01)
      A strong positive association has been observed between circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), a biomarker of ovarian reserve, and breast cancer risk in three prospective studies. Confirming this association is important ...
    • Clinical Outcomes from Androgen Signaling-directed Therapy after Treatment with Abiraterone Acetate and Prednisone in Patients with Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Post Hoc Analysis of COU-AA-302. 

      Smith, MR; Saad, F; Rathkopf, DE; Mulders, PFA; de Bono, JS; Small, EJ; Shore, ND; Fizazi, K; Kheoh, T; Li, J; De Porre, P; Todd, MB; Yu, MK; Ryan, CJ (2017-07)
      In the COU-AA-302 trial, abiraterone acetate plus prednisone significantly increased overall survival for patients with chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Limited information exists ...
    • Complications of hyperglycaemia with PI3K-AKT-mTOR inhibitors in patients with advanced solid tumours on Phase I clinical trials. 

      Geuna, E; Roda, D; Rafii, S; Jimenez, B; Capelan, M; Rihawi, K; Montemurro, F; Yap, TA; Kaye, SB; De Bono, JS; Molife, LR; Banerji, U (2015-12)
      PI3K-AKT-mTOR inhibitors (PAMi) are promising anticancer treatments. Hyperglycaemia is a mechanism-based toxicity of these agents and is becoming increasingly important with their use in larger numbers of patients.Retrospective ...
    • A Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 Testing in UK Women with Ovarian Cancer. 

      Eccleston, A; Bentley, A; Dyer, M; Strydom, A; Vereecken, W; George, A; Rahman, N (2017-04)
      OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 (collectively termed "BRCA") testing in women with epithelial ovarian cancer, and testing for the relevant mutation in first- and ...
    • Critical research gaps and recommendations to inform research prioritisation for more effective prevention and improved outcomes in colorectal cancer. 

      Lawler, M; Alsina, D; Adams, RA; Anderson, AS; Brown, G; Fearnhead, NS; Fenwick, SW; Halloran, SP; Hochhauser, D; Hull, MA; Koelzer, VH; McNair, AGK; Monahan, KJ; Näthke, I; Norton, C; Novelli, MR; Steele, RJC; Thomas, AL; Wilde, LM; Wilson, RH; Tomlinson, I; Bowel Cancer UK Critical Research Gaps in Colorectal Cancer Initiative (2018-01)
      OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) leads to significant morbidity/mortality worldwide. Defining critical research gaps (RG), their prioritisation and resolution, could improve patient outcomes. DESIGN: RG analysis was ...
    • CT and 3-T MRI accurately identify T3c disease in colon cancer, which strongly predicts disease-free survival. 

      Hunter, C; Siddiqui, M; Georgiou Delisle, T; Blake, H; Jeyadevan, N; Abulafi, M; Swift, I; Toomey, P; Brown, G (2017-04)
      AIM: To compare the preoperative staging accuracy of computed tomography (CT) and 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in colon cancer, and to investigate the prognostic significance of identified risk factors. MATERIALS ...
    • Cumulative Burden of Morbidity Among Testicular Cancer Survivors After Standard Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy: A Multi-Institutional Study. 

      Kerns, SL; Fung, C; Monahan, PO; Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, S; Abu Zaid, MI; Williams, AM; Stump, TE; Sesso, HD; Feldman, DR; Hamilton, RJ; Vaughn, DJ; Beard, C; Huddart, RA; Kim, J; Kollmannsberger, C; Sahasrabudhe, DM; Cook, R; Fossa, SD; Einhorn, LH; Travis, LB; Platinum Study Group (2018-05-20)
      Purpose In this multicenter study, we evaluated the cumulative burden of morbidity (CBM) among > 1,200 testicular cancer survivors and applied factor analysis to determine the co-occurrence of adverse health outcomes (AHOs). ...
    • CYP3A7*1C allele is associated with reduced levels of 2-hydroxylation pathway oestrogen metabolites. 

      Sood, D; Johnson, N; Jain, P; Siskos, AP; Bennett, M; Gilham, C; Busana, MC; Peto, J; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Keun, HC; Fletcher, O (2017-01)
      BACKGROUND: Endogenous sex hormones are well-established risk factors for breast cancer; the contribution of specific oestrogen metabolites (EMs) and/or ratios of specific EMs is less clear. We have previously identified ...
    • Dabrafenib plus trametinib versus dabrafenib monotherapy in patients with metastatic BRAF V600E/K-mutant melanoma: long-term survival and safety analysis of a phase 3 study. 

      Long, GV; Flaherty, KT; Stroyakovskiy, D; Gogas, H; Levchenko, E; de Braud, F; Larkin, J; Garbe, C; Jouary, T; Hauschild, A; Chiarion-Sileni, V; Lebbe, C; Mandalà, M; Millward, M; Arance, A; Bondarenko, I; Haanen, JBAG; Hansson, J; Utikal, J; Ferraresi, V; Mohr, P; Probachai, V; Schadendorf, D; Nathan, P; Robert, C; Ribas, A; Davies, MA; Lane, SR; Legos, JJ; Mookerjee, B; Grob, J-J (2017-07-01)
      Background: Previous analysis of COMBI-d (NCT01584648) demonstrated improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with combination dabrafenib and trametinib versus dabrafenib monotherapy in BRAF ...