Histopathological and radiological reporting in rectal cancer: concepts and controversies, facts and fantasies.
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In rectal cancer patients, the stage of the disease, local spread and distant metastases status drive the treatment decisions to be made. Histopathology remains the gold standard, but preoperative staging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is pivotal for defining surgical planes and finding patients who could potentially benefit from preoperative regimes. Unfortunately, due to a lack of awareness, expertise and practise the quality of rectal cancer MRI and histopathology reporting varies among centres. This paper highlights the most important and frequently occurring radiological and histopathological discrepancies/mistakes to be aware of.
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Patient Care Planning
Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors
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Techniques in coloproctology, 2017, 21 (1), pp. 15 - 23