Treatment and Survival Outcome of BRAF-Mutated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Retrospective Matched Case-Control Study.
Gonzalez de Castro, D
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Background Somatic v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF) mutation, present in approximately 10% of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) cases, is associated with poor prognosis. Patient outcome outside of clinical trials has only been reported in small series. We report real-world data on treatment and survival for BRAF-mutated (MT) patients at a single tertiary center, compared with a matched BRAF wild type (WT) control group.Patients and methods All colorectal cancer patients tested for BRAF mutation, from October 2010 to November 2014 were identified. BRAF-MT mCRC cases were compared with an age and sex-matched BRAF-WT control group. Clinicopathological data were collected and survival calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and comparisons made using Cox regression.Results Forty-three of 503 patients (8.5%) tested had BRAF-MT mCRC and were compared with 88 BRAF-WT controls. Median overall survival (mOS) was 18.2 months for BRAF-MT and 41.1 months for BRAF-WT mCRC patients (hazard ratio, 2.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.60-4.70; P < .001). Progression-free survival for BRAF-MT and WT patients, respectively, was: 8.1 months versus 9.2 months (P = .571) first-line, 5.5 months versus 8.3 months (P = .074) second-line, and 1.8 months versus 5.6 months (P = .074) third-line. Treatment using sequential fluoropyrimidine-based doublet chemotherapy was similar between both groups. Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy was mainly given third-line with progressive disease in 90% (n = 9 of 10) of BRAF-MT patients at first restaging.Conclusion In this case-control study, the poor mOS of BRAF-MT mCRC was associated with reduced treatment benefit beyond first-line. Sequential doublet chemotherapy remains a reasonable option in appropriately selected patients. BRAF-MT patients did not benefit from anti-EGFR therapy in this study. Recruitment to clinical trials is recommended to improve outcomes in BRAF-MT mCRC.
Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Proportional Hazards Models
Aged, 80 and over
Gastrointestinal Cancers Clinical Trials
Medicine (RMH Smith Cunningham)
License start date
Clinical colorectal cancer, 2018, 17 (1), pp. e69 - e76