Diagnosis and Diagnostic Imaging of Anal Canal Cancer.
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Anal canal cancer is an uncommon malignancy but one that is often curable with optimal therapy. Owing to its unique location, histology, risk factors, and usual presentation, a careful diagnostic approach is warranted. This approach includes an excellent history and physical examination, including digital rectal examination, laboratory data, and comprehensive imaging. Anal cancer staging and formulation of a treatment plan depends on accurate imaging data. Modern radiographic techniques have improved staging quality and accuracy, and a thorough knowledge of anal anatomy is paramount to the optimal multidisciplinary treatment of this disease.
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18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography
Anal canal cancer
Magnetic resonance imaging
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Surg Oncol Clin N Am, 2017, 26 (1), pp. 45 - 55