A phase I study of intravenous and oral rucaparib in combination with chemotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumours.
MetadataShow full item record
Background This study evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity of intravenous and oral rucaparib, a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor, combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumours.Methods Initially, patients received escalating doses of intravenous rucaparib combined with carboplatin, carboplatin/paclitaxel, cisplatin/pemetrexed, or epirubicin/cyclophosphamide. Subsequently, the study was amended to focus on oral rucaparib (once daily, days 1-14) combined with carboplatin (day 1) in 21-day cycles. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were assessed in cycle 1 and safety in all cycles.Results Eighty-five patients were enrolled (22 breast, 15 ovarian/peritoneal, and 48 other primary cancers), with a median of three prior therapies (range, 1-7). Neutropenia (27.1%) and thrombocytopenia (18.8%) were the most common grade ⩾3 toxicities across combinations and were DLTs with the oral rucaparib/carboplatin combination. Maximum tolerated dose for the combination was 240 mg per day oral rucaparib and carboplatin area under the curve 5 mg ml<sup>-1</sup> min<sup>-1</sup>. Oral rucaparib demonstrated dose-proportional kinetics, a long half-life (≈17 h), and good bioavailability (36%). Pharmacokinetics were unchanged by carboplatin coadministration. The rucaparib/carboplatin combination had radiologic antitumour activity, primarily in BRCA1- or BRCA2-mutated breast and ovarian/peritoneal cancers.Conclusions Oral rucaparib can be safely combined with a clinically relevant dose of carboplatin in patients with advanced solid tumours (Trial registration ID: NCT01009190).
Version of record
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Aged, 80 and over
License start date
British journal of cancer, 2017, 116 (7), pp. 884 - 892