Phase I, Dose-Escalation, Two-Part Trial of the PARP Inhibitor Talazoparib in Patients with Advanced Germline <i>BRCA1/2</i> Mutations and Selected Sporadic Cancers.
de Bono, J
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Talazoparib inhibits PARP catalytic activity, trapping PARP1 on damaged DNA and causing cell death in <i>BRCA1/2</i>-mutated cells. We evaluated talazoparib therapy in this two-part, phase I, first-in-human trial. Antitumor activity, MTD, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of once-daily talazoparib were determined in an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study (NCT01286987). The MTD was 1.0 mg/day, with an elimination half-life of 50 hours. Treatment-related adverse events included fatigue (26/71 patients; 37%) and anemia (25/71 patients; 35%). Grade 3 to 4 adverse events included anemia (17/71 patients; 24%) and thrombocytopenia (13/71 patients; 18%). Sustained PARP inhibition was observed at doses ≥0.60 mg/day. At 1.0 mg/day, confirmed responses were observed in 7 of 14 (50%) and 5 of 12 (42%) patients with <i>BRCA</i> mutation-associated breast and ovarian cancers, respectively, and in patients with pancreatic and small cell lung cancer. Talazoparib demonstrated single-agent antitumor activity and was well tolerated in patients at the recommended dose of 1.0 mg/day.<b>Significance:</b> In this clinical trial, we show that talazoparib has single-agent antitumor activity and a tolerable safety profile. At its recommended phase II dose of 1.0 mg/day, confirmed responses were observed in patients with <i>BRCA</i> mutation-associated breast and ovarian cancers and in patients with pancreatic and small cell lung cancer. <i>Cancer Discov; 7(6); 620-9. ©2017 AACR.</i><i>This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 539</i>.
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Maximum Tolerated Dose
Aged, 80 and over
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1
Prostate Cancer Targeted Therapy Group
Medicine Drug Development Unit (Kaye)
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Cancer discovery, 2017, 7 (6), pp. 620 - 629