Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor With Divergent Glandular Differentiation.
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Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are soft tissue neoplasms with evidence of nerve sheath differentiation. They usually arise from peripheral nerves or from preexisting benign nerve sheath neoplasms, often in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The histologic diagnosis of MPNST is challenging as their morphology is highly variable, and there has been a lack of routine diagnostic immunohistochemical markers and specific genetic aberrations. Although divergent differentiation is well documented in MPNST, it is most frequently toward mesenchymal elements. Differentiation toward epithelial elements is very rare, and we illustrate a case of MPNST with glandular differentiation, comprising prominent well-formed glands, with a brief discussion of biphasic (spindle and glandular) neoplasms in the differential diagnosis. An index of suspicion for MPNST is necessary, due to the differing management from tumors in its differential diagnosis, and because of the potential for therapies toward molecular targets in future.
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Soft Tissue Neoplasms
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
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International journal of surgical pathology, 2017, 25 (4), pp. 310 - 313