A caveolin-dependent and PI3K/AKT-independent role of PTEN in beta-catenin transcriptional activity
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Loss of the tumour suppressor PTEN is frequent in human melanoma, results in MAPK activation, suppresses senescence and mediates metastatic behaviour. How PTEN loss mediates these effects is unknown. Here we show that loss of PTEN in epithelial and melanocytic cell lines induces the nuclear localization and transcriptional activation of beta-catenin independent of the PI3K-AKT-GSK3 beta axis. The absence of PTEN leads to caveolin-1 (CAV1)-dependent beta-catenin transcriptional modulation in vitro, cooperates with NRAS(Q61K) to initiate melanomagenesis in vivo and induces efficient metastasis formation associated with E-cadherin internalization. The CAV1-beta-catenin axis is mediated by a feedback loop in which beta-catenin represses transcription of miR-199a-5p and miR-203, which suppress the levels of CAV1 mRNA in melanoma cells. These data reveal a mechanism by which loss of PTEN increases CAV1-mediated dissociation of beta-catenin from membranous E-cadherin, which may promote senescence bypass and metastasis.
Open access locationhttps://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms9093.pdf
PRIMARY CUTANEOUS MELANOMA TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR GENE METASTATIC MELANOMA CELL-MIGRATION CANCER CELLS ACTIVATION SENESCENCE EXPRESSION PROLIFERATION INVASION
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Nature Communications, 2015, 6