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dc.date.accessioned2018-06-08T14:37:51Z
dc.date.issued2011-01
dc.identifier1
dc.identifier.citationCLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY, 2011, 6 pp. 198 - 203
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.icr.ac.uk/handle/internal/1774
dc.description.abstractBackground and objectives Alport syndrome (AS) is a predominantly X-linked hereditary nephritis associated with high-tone, sensorineural deafness and characteristic eye signs. Clinical diagnostic criteria were defined in 1988. Most cases result from mutations in the X-linked collagen gene COL4A5, with mutations in the autosomal genes COL4A3 and COL4A4 on chromosome 2 accounting for the rest. Mutation analysis of COL4A5 with a combination of sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification has been available for several years. The objective of this study was to determine the utility of clinical diagnostic criteria in identifying patients likely to have a COL4A5 mutation. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Clinical information was available on 206 patients whose DNA was received for testing between 1994 and June 2008; predictive tests for a known familial mutation, samples from duplicate family members, and incompletely screened samples were excluded. One hundred and twenty-eight patients (62.1%) had a pathogenic COL4A5 mutation. Results The mutation detection rate in families fulfilling zero, one, two, three, or four diagnostic criteria was 0%, 18%, 64%, 89%, and 81%, respectively. Sixty-seven percent of patients with COL4A5 mutations meeting only two diagnostic criteria had not had a complete clinical assessment. In two thirds of families meeting four diagnostic criteria without an identified COL4A5 mutation, autosomal inheritance was confirmed or suspected. Conclusions The authors recommend COL4A5 analysis in any patient meeting at least two clinical diagnostic criteria. COL4A3 and COL4A4 analysis should be considered if a COL4A5 mutation is not detected and primarily if autosomal inheritance is suspected. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6: 198-203, 2011. doi:10.2215/CJN.00200110
dc.format.extent198 - 203
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAMER SOC NEPHROLOGY
dc.titleThe Value of Clinical Criteria in Identifying Patients with X-Linked Alport Syndrome
dc.typeJournal Article
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2011-01
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
dc.relation.isPartOfCLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY
pubs.noteskeywords: BASEMENT-MEMBRANE
pubs.notesNot known
pubs.organisational-group/ICR
pubs.organisational-group/ICR
pubs.volume6en_US
pubs.embargo.termsNot known
dc.contributor.icrauthorHanson, Helenen


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