Cisplatin induces apoptosis through the ERK-p66shc pathway in renal proximal tubule cells
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) has been shown to mediate cisplatin (CP)-induced toxicity to renal proximal tubule cells. Here, we demonstrate that ERK serves as the kinase that phosphorylates the pro-apoptotic p66shc protein at its Serine36 residue in CP-treated renal proximal tubule cells. Pharmacologic or dominant-negative inhibition of ERK mitigates cisplatin-induced Ser36 phosphorylation of p66shc. Overexpression of p66shc exacerbates while its knockdown or mutation of the Serine36 site to alanine ameliorates CP-induced nephrotoxicity in vitro. Since p66shc is Serine36 phosphorylated in the kidneys of mice after treatment with CP, a similar mechanism might exist in vivo. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Target Discovery & Apoptosis
CANCER LETTERS, 2010, 297 pp. 165 - 170
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD