MRX protects telomeric DNA at uncapped telomeres of budding yeast cdc13-1 mutants
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MRX protects telomeric DNA at uncapped telomeres of budding yeast cdc13-1 mutants MRX, an evolutionally conserved DNA damage response complex composed of Mre11, Rad50 and Xrs2, is involved in DNA double strand break (DSB) repair, checkpoint activation and telomere maintenance. At DSBs, MRX plays a role in generating single stranded DNA (ssDNA) and signalling cell cycle arrest. Here we investigated whether MRX also contributes to generating ssDNA or signalling cell cycle arrest at uncapped telomeres. To investigate the role of MRX, we generated a conditionally degradable Rad50 protein and combined this with cdc13-1, a temperature sensitive mutation in the Cdc13 telomere capping protein. We show that Rad50 does not contribute to ssDNA generation or cell cycle arrest in response to cdc13-1 uncapped telomeres. Instead, we find that Rad50 inhibits ssDNA accumulation and promotes cdc13-1 cell viability, consistent with a major role for MRX in telomere capping. (c) 2006 Elsevier. B.V. All rights reserved.
RAD50 MRX telomere checkpoint ssDNA CDC13 Double-strand breaks saccharomyces-cerevisiae mre11 nuclease activity checkpoint genes damage response cell-cycle microsatellite instability mre11-rad50-xrs2 complex meiotic recombination exonuclease activity
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DNA REPAIR, 2006, 5 (7), pp. 840 - 851