Now showing items 1-20 of 28

    • An ecological measure of immune-cancer colocalization as a prognostic factor for breast cancer. 

      Maley, CC; Koelble, K; Natrajan, R; Aktipis, A; Yuan, Y (2015-09-22)
      Introduction Abundance of immune cells has been shown to have prognostic and predictive significance in many tumor types. Beyond abundance, the spatial organization of immune cells in relation to cancer cells may also have ...
    • An intergenic risk locus containing an enhancer deletion in 2q35 modulates breast cancer risk by deregulating IGFBP5 expression. 

      Wyszynski, A; Hong, C-C; Lam, K; Michailidou, K; Lytle, C; Yao, S; Zhang, Y; Bolla, MK; Wang, Q; Dennis, J; Hopper, JL; Southey, MC; Schmidt, MK; Broeks, A; Muir, K; Lophatananon, A; Fasching, PA; Beckmann, MW; Peto, J; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Sawyer, EJ; Tomlinson, I; Burwinkel, B; Marme, F; Guénel, P; Truong, T; Bojesen, SE; Nordestgaard, BG; González-Neira, A; Benitez, J; Neuhausen, SL; Brenner, H; Dieffenbach, AK; Meindl, A; Schmutzler, RK; Brauch, H; GENICA Network; Nevanlinna, H; Khan, S; Matsuo, K; Ito, H; Dörk, T; Bogdanova, NV; Lindblom, A; Margolin, S; Mannermaa, A; Kosma, V-M; kConFab Investigators; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group; Wu, AH; Van Den Berg, D; Lambrechts, D; Wildiers, H; Chang-Claude, J; Rudolph, A; Radice, P; Peterlongo, P; Couch, FJ; Olson, JE; Giles, GG; Milne, RL; Haiman, CA; Henderson, BE; Dumont, M; Teo, SH; Wong, TY; Kristensen, V; Zheng, W; Long, J; Winqvist, R; Pylkäs, K; Andrulis, IL; Knight, JA; Devilee, P; Seynaeve, C; García-Closas, M; Figueroa, J; Klevebring, D; Czene, K; Hooning, MJ; van den Ouweland, AMW; Darabi, H; Shu, X-O; Gao, Y-T; Cox, A; Blot, W; Signorello, LB; Shah, M; Kang, D; Choi, J-Y; Hartman, M; Miao, H; Hamann, U; Jakubowska, A; Lubinski, J; Sangrajrang, S; McKay, J; Toland, AE; Yannoukakos, D; Shen, C-Y; Wu, P-E; Swerdlow, A; Orr, N; Simard, J; Pharoah, PDP; Dunning, AM; Chenevix-Trench, G; Hall, P; Bandera, E; Amos, C; Ambrosone, C; Easton, DF; Cole, MD (2016-09)
      Breast cancer is the most diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in females. Previous association studies have identified variants on 2q35 associated with the risk of breast cancer. To identify ...
    • Association of Body Mass Index and Age With Subsequent Breast Cancer Risk in Premenopausal Women. 

      Premenopausal Breast Cancer Collaborative Group; Schoemaker, MJ; Nichols, HB; Wright, LB; Brook, MN; Jones, ME; O'Brien, KM; Adami, H-O; Baglietto, L; Bernstein, L; Bertrand, KA; Boutron-Ruault, M-C; Braaten, T; Chen, Y; Connor, AE; Dorronsoro, M; Dossus, L; Eliassen, AH; Giles, GG; Hankinson, SE; Kaaks, R; Key, TJ; Kirsh, VA; Kitahara, CM; Koh, W-P; Larsson, SC; Linet, MS; Ma, H; Masala, G; Merritt, MA; Milne, RL; Overvad, K; Ozasa, K; Palmer, JR; Peeters, PH; Riboli, E; Rohan, TE; Sadakane, A; Sund, M; Tamimi, RM; Trichopoulou, A; Ursin, G; Vatten, L; Visvanathan, K; Weiderpass, E; Willett, WC; Wolk, A; Yuan, J-M; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A; Sandler, DP; Swerdlow, AJ (2018-11-08)
      Importance The association between increasing body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) and risk of breast cancer is unique in cancer epidemiology in that a crossover ...
    • Association of p27 and Cyclin D1 Expression and Benefit from Adjuvant Trastuzumab Treatment in HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer: A TransHERA Study. 

      Filipits, M; Dafni, U; Gnant, M; Polydoropoulou, V; Hills, M; Kiermaier, A; de Azambuja, E; Larsimont, D; Rojo, F; Viale, G; Toi, M; Harbeck, N; Prichard, KI; Gelber, RD; Dinh, P; Zardavas, D; Leyland-Jones, B; Piccart-Gebhart, MJ; Dowsett, M; TransHERA investigators (2018-07)
      Purpose: To assess the prognostic and predictive value of selected biomarkers involved in cell-cycle regulation or proliferation in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer.Experimental Design: Protein expression ...
    • Breast Cancer Risk After Recent Childbirth: A Pooled Analysis of 15 Prospective Studies. 

      Nichols, HB; Schoemaker, MJ; Cai, J; Xu, J; Wright, LB; Brook, MN; Jones, ME; Adami, H-O; Baglietto, L; Bertrand, KA; Blot, WJ; Boutron-Ruault, M-C; Dorronsoro, M; Dossus, L; Eliassen, AH; Giles, GG; Gram, IT; Hankinson, SE; Hoffman-Bolton, J; Kaaks, R; Key, TJ; Kitahara, CM; Larsson, SC; Linet, M; Merritt, MA; Milne, RL; Pala, V; Palmer, JR; Peeters, PH; Riboli, E; Sund, M; Tamimi, RM; Tjønneland, A; Trichopoulou, A; Ursin, G; Vatten, L; Visvanathan, K; Weiderpass, E; Wolk, A; Zheng, W; Weinberg, CR; Swerdlow, AJ; Sandler, DP (2019-01)
      Background Parity is widely recognized as protective for breast cancer, but breast cancer risk may be increased shortly after childbirth. Whether this risk varies with breastfeeding, family history of breast cancer, or ...
    • Cancer Risks in Patients Treated With Growth Hormone in Childhood: The SAGhE European Cohort Study. 

      Swerdlow, AJ; Cooke, R; Beckers, D; Borgström, B; Butler, G; Carel, J-C; Cianfarani, S; Clayton, P; Coste, J; Deodati, A; Ecosse, E; Gausche, R; Giacomozzi, C; Hokken-Koelega, ACS; Khan, AJ; Kiess, W; Kuehni, CE; Mullis, P-E; Pfaffle, R; Sävendahl, L; Sommer, G; Thomas, M; Tidblad, A; Tollerfield, S; Van Eycken, L; Zandwijken, GRJ (2017-05)
      Context Growth hormone (GH) is prescribed for an increasing range of indications, but there has been concern that it might raise cancer risk. Published data are limited.Objective To examine cancer risks in relation to GH ...
    • Circulating Growth and Sex Hormone Levels and Breast Tissue Composition in Young Nulliparous Women. 

      Denholm, R; De Stavola, BL; Hipwell, JH; Doran, SJ; Holly, JMP; Folkerd, E; Dowsett, M; Leach, MO; Hawkes, DJ; Dos-Santos-Silva, I (2018-12)
      Background Endogenous hormones are associated with breast cancer risk, but little is known about their role on breast tissue composition, a strong risk predictor. This study aims to investigate the relationship between ...
    • Combined effects of endogenous sex hormone levels and mammographic density on postmenopausal breast cancer risk: results from the Breakthrough Generations Study. 

      Schoemaker, MJ; Folkerd, EJ; Jones, ME; Rae, M; Allen, S; Ashworth, A; Dowsett, M; Swerdlow, AJ (2014-04)
      Background Mammographic density and sex hormone levels are strong risk factors for breast cancer, but it is unclear whether they represent the same aetiological entity or are independent risk factors.Methods Within the ...
    • Comparative Validation of Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Models and Projections for Future Risk Stratification. 

      Pal Choudhury, P; Wilcox, AN; Brook, MN; Zhang, Y; Ahearn, T; Orr, N; Coulson, P; Schoemaker, MJ; Jones, ME; Gail, MH; Swerdlow, AJ; Chatterjee, N; Garcia-Closas, M (2020-03)
      Background External validation of risk models is critical for risk-stratified breast cancer prevention. We used the Individualized Coherent Absolute Risk Estimation (iCARE) as a flexible tool for risk model development and ...
    • CYP3A7*1C allele is associated with reduced levels of 2-hydroxylation pathway oestrogen metabolites. 

      Sood, D; Johnson, N; Jain, P; Siskos, AP; Bennett, M; Gilham, C; Busana, MC; Peto, J; Dos-Santos-Silva, I; Keun, HC; Fletcher, O (2017-01-10)
      Background Endogenous sex hormones are well-established risk factors for breast cancer; the contribution of specific oestrogen metabolites (EMs) and/or ratios of specific EMs is less clear. We have previously identified a ...
    • De Novo Truncating Mutations in the Last and Penultimate Exons of PPM1D Cause an Intellectual Disability Syndrome. 

      Jansen, S; Geuer, S; Pfundt, R; Brough, R; Ghongane, P; Herkert, JC; Marco, EJ; Willemsen, MH; Kleefstra, T; Hannibal, M; Shieh, JT; Lynch, SA; Flinter, F; FitzPatrick, DR; Gardham, A; Bernhard, B; Ragge, N; Newbury-Ecob, R; Bernier, R; Kvarnung, M; Magnusson, EAH; Wessels, MW; van Slegtenhorst, MA; Monaghan, KG; de Vries, P; Veltman, JA; Deciphering Developmental Disorders Study; Lord, CJ; Vissers, LELM; de Vries, BBA (2017-04)
      Intellectual disability (ID) is a highly heterogeneous disorder involving at least 600 genes, yet a genetic diagnosis remains elusive in ∼35%-40% of individuals with moderate to severe ID. Recent meta-analyses statistically ...
    • Domestic light at night and breast cancer risk: a prospective analysis of 105 000 UK women in the Generations Study. 

      Johns, LE; Jones, ME; Schoemaker, MJ; McFadden, E; Ashworth, A; Swerdlow, AJ (2018-02)
      BACKGROUND:Circadian disruption caused by exposure to light at night (LAN) has been proposed as a risk factor for breast cancer and a reason for secular increases in incidence. Studies to date have largely been ecological ...
    • Family history and risk of breast cancer: an analysis accounting for family structure. 

      Brewer, HR; Jones, ME; Schoemaker, MJ; Ashworth, A; Swerdlow, AJ (2017-08)
      Purpose Family history is an important risk factor for breast cancer incidence, but the parameters conventionally used to categorize it are based solely on numbers and/or ages of breast cancer cases in the family and take ...
    • Genetic susceptibility to radiation-induced breast cancer after Hodgkin lymphoma. 

      Opstal-van Winden, AWJ; de Haan, HG; Hauptmann, M; Schmidt, MK; Broeks, A; Russell, NS; Janus, CPM; Krol, ADG; van der Baan, FH; De Bruin, ML; van Eggermond, AM; Dennis, J; Anton-Culver, H; Haiman, CA; Sawyer, EJ; Cox, A; Devilee, P; Hooning, MJ; Peto, J; Couch, FJ; Pharoah, P; Orr, N; Easton, DF; Aleman, BMP; Strong, LC; Bhatia, S; Cooke, R; Robison, LL; Swerdlow, AJ; van Leeuwen, FE (2019-03)
      Female Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients treated with chest radiotherapy (RT) have a very high risk of breast cancer. The contribution of genetic factors to this risk is unclear. We therefore examined 211 155 germline ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis identifies a meningioma risk locus at 11p15.5. 

      Claus, EB; Cornish, AJ; Broderick, P; Schildkraut, JM; Dobbins, SE; Holroyd, A; Calvocoressi, L; Lu, L; Hansen, HM; Smirnov, I; Walsh, KM; Schramm, J; Hoffmann, P; Nöthen, MM; Jöckel, K-H; Swerdlow, A; Larsen, SB; Johansen, C; Simon, M; Bondy, M; Wrensch, M; Houlston, RS; Wiemels, JL (2018-10)
      Background Meningiomas are adult brain tumors originating in the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord, with significant heritable basis. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have previously identified only a ...
    • Identification of 19 new risk loci and potential regulatory mechanisms influencing susceptibility to testicular germ cell tumor. 

      Litchfield, K; Levy, M; Orlando, G; Loveday, C; Law, PJ; Migliorini, G; Holroyd, A; Broderick, P; Karlsson, R; Haugen, TB; Kristiansen, W; Nsengimana, J; Fenwick, K; Assiotis, I; Kote-Jarai, Z; Dunning, AM; Muir, K; Peto, J; Eeles, R; Easton, DF; Dudakia, D; Orr, N; Pashayan, N; UK Testicular Cancer Collaboration; PRACTICAL Consortium; Bishop, DT; Reid, A; Huddart, RA; Shipley, J; Grotmol, T; Wiklund, F; Houlston, RS; Turnbull, C (2017-07)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have transformed understanding of susceptibility to testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), but much of the heritability remains unexplained. Here we report a new GWAS, a meta-analysis ...
    • Implementing rapid, robust, cost-effective, patient-centred, routine genetic testing in ovarian cancer patients. 

      George, A; Riddell, D; Seal, S; Talukdar, S; Mahamdallie, S; Ruark, E; Cloke, V; Slade, I; Kemp, Z; Gore, M; Strydom, A; Banerjee, S; Hanson, H; Rahman, N (2016-07-13)
      Advances in DNA sequencing have made genetic testing fast and affordable, but limitations of testing processes are impeding realisation of patient benefits. Ovarian cancer exemplifies the potential value of genetic testing ...
    • INTEND II randomized clinical trial of intraoperative duct endoscopy in pathological nipple discharge. 

      Gui, G; Agusti, A; Twelves, D; Tang, S; Kabir, M; Montgomery, C; Nerurkar, A; Osin, P; Isacke, C (2018-11)
      Background The majority of lesions resulting in pathological nipple discharge are benign. Conventional surgery is undirected and targeting the causative lesion by duct endoscopy may enable more accurate surgery with fewer ...
    • Microenvironmental Heterogeneity Parallels Breast Cancer Progression: A Histology-Genomic Integration Analysis. 

      Natrajan, R; Sailem, H; Mardakheh, FK; Arias Garcia, M; Tape, CJ; Dowsett, M; Bakal, C; Yuan, Y (2016-02-16)
      Background The intra-tumor diversity of cancer cells is under intense investigation; however, little is known about the heterogeneity of the tumor microenvironment that is key to cancer progression and evolution. We aimed ...
    • Mortality and Cancer Incidence in Carriers of Balanced Robertsonian Translocations: A National Cohort Study. 

      Schoemaker, MJ; Jones, ME; Higgins, CD; Wright, AF; United Kingdom Clinical Cytogenetics Group; Swerdlow, AJ (2019-03)
      A balanced robertsonian translocation (rob) results from fusion of 2 acrocentric chromosomes. Carriers are phenotypically normal and are often diagnosed because of recurrent miscarriages, infertility, or aneuploid offspring. ...