Designing the future shape of breast cancer diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.
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Translational research is intended to efficiently and accurately validate the most promising preclinical biomarkers and ensure that their diagnostic or prognostic potential is rapidly adopted in the clinic. Translational research therefore needs to take into account the biological complexity that is inherent in all cellular pathways, such as the estrogen and progesterone receptor pathways, and yet produce conclusions that will have sufficient statistical power to define and shape clinical practice. This will be achieved through the incorporation of new concepts of trial design, including neoadjuvant or preoperative hypothesis-generating studies, and the increasing use of high-throughput proteomic and genomic approaches. Clinical trials will be increasingly designed to incorporate biomarker analyses, and ongoing trials may employ the retrospective collection of archival tissues to allow the use of prospectively planned biomarker analyses. This approach is being utilized in the TA01 program, which is based upon the 'Arimidex', tamoxifen, alone or in combination (ATAC) trial. The resulting incorporation of new biomarkers and revised trial designs should promote the future development of more precise and increasingly active interventions directed towards the treatment of breast cancer.
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Tumor Markers, Biological
Patient Care Planning
Clinical Trials as Topic
License start date
Breast cancer research and treatment, 2004, 87 Suppl 1 pp. S27 - S29