Diethylstilbestrol in castration-resistant prostate cancer.
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Unlabelled What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Diethylstilbestrol (DES) was the first hormone treatment used for prostate cancer and has also shown effectiveness in castration-resistant disease in small studies; however, concerns over thromboembolic toxicity have restricted its use in the past. Over 200 elderly men with castration-resistant prostate cancer were treated with 1-3 mg of DES, given with 75 mg aspirin and breast bud irradiation. Almost 30% of men showed a significant PSA response and the median time to PSA progression was 4.6 months. Almost 20% of patients with pain had a significant analgesic benefit. The most important toxicity was thromboembolism in 10% of men. Overall the drug has an acceptable toxicity profile and offers a palliative benefit in frail elderly men who may not be fit for chemotherapy.Objective • To assess the efficacy and toxicity of diethylstilbestrol (DES) in the management of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).Patients and methods • A total of 231 patients with CRPC received treatment with DES at the Royal Marsden Hospital between August 1992 and August 2000. • The median pre-treatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was 221 ng/mL. • DES was used at a dose of 1-3 mg daily, with aspirin 75 mg. • The primary endpoint was PSA response rate.Results • The PSA response rate (using PSA Working Group criteria) was 28.9%. • The median time to PSA progression was 4.6 months. • Of patients with bone pain, 18% had an improvement in their European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer pain score. • Thromboembolic complications were seen in 9.9% of all patients.Conclusions • DES has significant activity in CRPC and can be of palliative benefit. • DES has an acceptable toxicity profile in the management of patients with symptomatic CRPC when used at a dose of 1-3 mg, combined with aspirin and prophylactic breast bud radiotherapy.
Clinical Academic Radiotherapy (Dearnaley)
Clinical Academic Radiotherapy (Huddart)
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BJU international, 2012, 110 (11 Pt B), pp. E727 - E735