Reproducibility and Correlation Between Quantitative and Semiquantitative Dynamic and Intrinsic Susceptibility-Weighted MRI Parameters in the Benign and Malignant Human Prostate
d Arcy, JA
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Purpose: To assess the reproducibility of relaxivity- and susceptibility-based dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the benign and malignant prostate gland and to correlate the kinetic parameters obtained. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with prostate cancer underwent paired scans before and after androgen deprivation therapy. Quantitative parametric maps for T(1)- and T(2)*-weighted parameters were calculated (K(trans), k(ep),V(e), IAUC(60), rBV, rBF, and R(2)*). The reproducibility of and correlation between each parameter were determined using standard methods at both timepoints. Results: T(1)-derived parameters are more reproducible than T(2)*-weighted measures, both becoming more variable following androgen deprivation (variance coefficients for prostate K(trans) and rBF increased from 13.9%-15.8% and 42.5%-90.8%. respectively). Tumor R2* reproducibility improved after androgen ablation (23.3%-11.8%). IAUC(60) correlated strongly with K(trans), V(e), and k(ep) (all P < 0.001). R(2)* did not correlate with other parameters. Conclusion: This study is the first to document the variability and repeatability of T(1)- and T(2)*-weighted dynamic MRI and intrinsic susceptibility-weighted MRI for the various regions of the human prostate gland before and after androgen deprivation. These data provide a valuable source of reference for groups that plan to use dynamic contrast enhanced MRI or intrinsic susceptibility weighted MRI for the assessment of treatment response in the benign or malignant prostate.
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JOURNAL OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, 2010, 32 pp. 155 - 164
JOHN WILEY & SONS INC