Distributions of scatter-to-primary and signal-to-noise ratios per pixel in digital chest imaging
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The aim of this work was to calculate distributions of scatter-to-primary ratios (epsilon(s)/epsilon(p)) and signal-to-noise ratios per pixel (SNRp) in chest images. Such distributions may provide useful information on how physical image quality (contrast, SNR) is distributed over the posterior/anterior (PA) chest image. A Monte Carlo computer program was used for the calculations, including a model of both the patient (voxel phantom) and the imaging system (X-ray tube, anti-scatter grid and image detector). The calculations were performed for three PA thicknesses 20, 24 and 28 cm. For a 24 cm patient, the epsilon(s)/epsilon(p) varies between 0.5 in the lung to 2.5 behind the spine and heart. The corresponding variation of the SNRp is a factor of 3, with the highest values in the lung. Increasing the patient thickness from 20 to 28 cm increases the epsilon(s)/epsilon(p) by a factor of 2.2 behind the spine and heart.
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RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY, 2005, 114 pp. 355 - 358
OXFORD UNIV PRESS