Substantial CCT activity is required for cell cycle progression and cytoskeletal organization in mammalian cells
MetadataShow full item record
The chaperonin CCT hexadecamer is required for the folding of non-native actins and tubulins in eukaryotic cells. Among the consequences of greatly reducing CCT holocomplex levels in human cell lines by siRNA targeting are growth arrest and changes in cell morphology and motility. Less extensive reduction of CCT activity via microinjection of an inhibitory anti-CCT epsilon subunit monoclonal antibody, which alters the rates of substrate processing by CCT in vitro, causes a delay in cell cycle progression through G1/S phase in synchronized Swiss 3T3 cells. The degree of growth arrest strongly correlates with the extent of CCT depletion, indicating that full CCT activity is required for normal cell growth and division. Depletion of CCT does not affect actin polypeptide synthesis but causes a reduction in levels of native actin and perturbation of actin-based cell motility in BE cells. There are no large-scale effects on cytoplasmic protein synthesis or a general heat shock response during periods of low CCT activity. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Version of record
License start date
EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 2006, 312 pp. 2309 - 2324