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dc.contributor.authorByrne, RD
dc.contributor.authorBarona, TM
dc.contributor.authorGarnier, M
dc.contributor.authorKoster, G
dc.contributor.authorKatan, M
dc.contributor.authorPoccia, DL
dc.contributor.authorLarijani, B
dc.identifier.citationBIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 2005, 387 pp. 393 - 400
dc.description.abstractNuclear envelope (NE) formation in a cell-free egg extract proceeds by precursor membrane vesicle binding to chromatin in an ATP-dependent manner, followed by a GTP-induced NE assembly step. The requirement for GTP in the latter step of this process can be mimicked by addition of bacterial PI-PLC [phosphoinositide (PtdIns)-specific phospholipase C]. The NE assembly process is here dissected in relation to the requirement for endogenous phosphoinositide metabolism, employing recombinant eukaryotic PI-PLC, inhibitors and direct phospholipid analysis using ESI-MS (electrospray ionization mass spectrometry). PtdIns (phosphatidylinositol) species analysis by ESI-MS indicates that the chromatin-bound NE precursor vesicles are enriched for specific PtdIns species. Moreover, during GTP-induced precursor vesicle fusion. the membrane vesicles become partially depleted of the PtdIns 18:0/20:4 species. These data indicate that eukaryotic PI-PLC can support NE formation, and the sensitivity to exogenous recombinant PtdIns-5-phosphatases shows that the endogenous PLC hydrolyses a 5-phosphorylated species. It is shown further that the downstream target of this DAG (diacylglycerol) pathway does not involve PKC (protein kinase C) catalytic function, but is mimicked by phorbol esters, indicating a possible engagement of one of the non-PKC phorbol ester receptors. The results show that ESI-MS can be used as a sensitive means to measure the lipid composition of biological membranes and their changes during, for example, membrane fusogenic events. We have exploited this and the intervention studies to illustrate a pivotal role for PI-PLC and its product DAG in the formation of NEs.
dc.format.extent393 - 400
dc.titleNuclear envelope assembly is promoted by phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C with selective recruitment of phosphatidylinositol-enriched membranes
dc.typeJournal Article
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.notesaffiliation: Larijani, B (Reprint Author), London Res Inst, Cell Biophys Lab, 44 Lincolns Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX, England. London Res Inst, Cell Biophys Lab, London WC2A 3PX, England. Amherst Coll, Dept Biol, Amherst, MA 01002 USA. Inst Canc Res, Canc Res UK Ctr Cell & Mol Biol, Chester Beatty Labs, London SW3 6YD, England. Univ Southampton, Infect Inflammat & Repair Div, Southampton SO16 6YD, Hants, England. Univ Lusofona, P-3761749 Lisbon, Portugal. keywords: diacylglycerol; electrospray ionization mass spectrometry; membrane fusion; nuclear envelope; phosphatidylinositol; phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C keywords-plus: PROTEIN-KINASE-C; URCHIN MALE PRONUCLEUS; CELL-FREE PREPARATIONS; IN-VITRO; LIPOSOME FUSION; SPERM CHROMATIN; BINDING; GAMMA; PORE; EGGS research-areas: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology web-of-science-categories: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology author-email: [email protected] researcherid-numbers: Larijani, Banafshe/H-3909-2015 koster, grielof/F-3129-2012 orcid-numbers: Larijani, Banafshe/0000-0003-4735-1169 number-of-cited-references: 44 times-cited: 23 usage-count-last-180-days: 0 usage-count-since-2013: 3 journal-iso: Biochem. J. doc-delivery-number: 920OE unique-id: ISI:000228699200012 oa: gold_or_bronze da: 2018-09-06
pubs.notesNot known
pubs.embargo.termsNot known
dc.contributor.icrauthorKatan, Matildaen

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