Abnormal constitutional karyotypes in patients with neuroblastoma: a report of four new cases and review of 47 others in the literature
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Anomalies of constitutional karyotype, which have led to the discovery of oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes in embryonal tumors such as retinoblastoma and Wilms tumor, have, until recently, rarely been reported until recently in neuroblastoma. We present four new cases of neuroblastoma associated with (a) a mosaicism for monosomy 22; (b) an 11q interstitial deletion; (c) a pericentric inversion of chromosome 9 at band 9p21; and (d) a Robertsonian translocation t(13;14). These anomalies and 47 others in the literature are worthy of interest, because some are recurrent, involving the same chromosome regions (1p36, 2p23, 3q, 11q23, and 15q), and some anomalies are situated on chromosome regions known to contain genes involved in neuroblastoma development (1p, 2p, 9p, 11q, 16q, and 17q). Chromosome regions 3q and 15q, observed several times, may also contain genes significant for neuroblastoma onset or development. Furthermore, the lack of neuroblastoma in patients with Down syndrome and Klinefelter or triple-X syndromes, together with a probable excess of neuroblastoma in patients with Turner syndrome, suggests that genes of importance for neuroblastoma may map to chromosomes X and 21. A search for genes implicated in neuroblastoma biology should use these data.
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Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 2003, 147 pp. 89 - 98