Cd8+/vβ5.1+ large granular lymphocyte leukemia associated with autoimmune cytopenias, rheumatoid arthritis and vascular mammary skin lesions: successful response to 2-deoxycoformycin.
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Abstract We report a case of CD8+/Vβ5.1+ T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia (T-LGL leukemia) presenting with mild lymphocytosis, severe autoimmune neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, polyarthritis and recurrent infections with a chronic disease course. Immunophenotyping showed an expansion of CD3+/TCRαβ+/CD8+bright/CD11c+/CD57−/CD56− large granular lymphocytes with expression of the TCR-Vβ5.1 family. Southern blot analysis revealed a clonal rearrangement of the TCR β-chain gene. Hematopoietic growth factors, high dose intravenous immunoglobulin and corticosteroids were of limited therapeutic benefit to correct the cytopenias. During the disease course, the patient developed a severe cutaneous leg ulcer and bilateral vascular mammary skin lesions. Treatment with 2-deoxycoformycin resulted in both clinical and hematological complete responses, including the resolution of vascular skin lesions. Combined immuno-staining with relevant T-cell associated and anti-TCR-Vβ monoclonal antibodies proved to be a sensitive method to assess the therapeutic effect of 2-deoxycoformicin and to evaluate the residual disease. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Molecular Haematology (including Cytogenetics Group and Cell Markers)
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Hematological Oncology, 20 pp. 87 - 93