Breakpoints in the ataxia telangiectasia gene arise at the RGYW somatic hypermutation motif
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The mature sporadic T-cell malignancy, T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is remarkable for frequently harbouring somatic mutations of the Ataxia Telangiectasia (A-T) gene, ATM. Because some data suggest ATM is frequently rearranged in T-PLL, it was decided to investigate such rearrangements in detail by cloning breakpoints. Among 17 T-PLL tumour samples, three rearrangements were detected by Southern blotting. Two cases harboured a unique type of intragenic duplication in which breakpoints arose at the consensus sequence RGYW/WRCY. The third case harboured a large deletion terminating within the ATM gene. Also, 13 T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) samples were examined and one sample harboured a deletion - insertion with the RGYW motif at the breakpoint in ATM. This is the first known deleterious mutation detected in ATM in T-ALL. Interestingly, the RGYW motif is the signal for a cell-cycle regulated DNA double strand break (DSB) that initiates somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin and, probably, T-cell receptor genes. The structures of the ATM duplications suggest they may arise from an error in somatic hypermutation. We suggest that aberrant components of somatic hypermutation may contribute to the defective DSB repair characteristic of cancer.
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Molecular Haematology (including Cytogenetics Group and Cell Markers)
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ONCOGENE, 2002, 21 pp. 483 - 487