Deletions of D13S25, D13S319 and RB-1 mapping to 13q14.3 in T-cell prolymphocytic leukaemia
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Deletions of 13q14.3 are well known in several malignancies and are thought to be associated with tumour suppressor function. The RB-1 gene is a tumour suppressor gene, but other loci including D13S319 and D13S25 telomeric to this within 13q14.3 axe deleted in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL), multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, with varying clinical significance. The fluorescence in situ hybridization screening of 22 patients with T-prolymphocytic leukaemia (T-PLL) for deletions of 13q14.3 revealed loss of D13S25 in 17 cases (mean 40% range 13-98%), with 11 patients having at least a 20% deletion. Mapping the deletions for the RB-1, D13S319,and D13S25 loci revealed D13S25 as the most frequently deleted marker. However, patients with only the D13S25 deletion had low percentages of cells with the deletion (12-13%), suggesting that loss of D13S25 on its own may not provide sufficient growth advantage. The use of the YAC 954c12, which maps immediately adjacent to D13S25, defined the telomeric border of the deletion in some of the cases. Inv(14)(q11q32) and t(14;14)(q11;q32) are characteristic of T-PLL, but are also observed in premalignant T-cell clones in patients with ataxia telangiectasia. Transition to overt leukaemia may result from loss of suppressor function. Thus, 13q14.3 deletions could contribute to the development of overt leukaemia in T-PLL, but the involvement of more than one gene in the region cannot be excluded.
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Molecular Haematology (including Cytogenetics Group and Cell Markers)
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BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY, 2001, 114 pp. 327 - 332
BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD