Clinical outcomes of adolescents and young adults with advanced solid tumours participating in phase I trials.
de Bono, JS
van der Graaf, WT
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Background Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with advanced solid tumours are often considered for phase I clinical trials with novel agents. The outcome of AYAs in these trials have not been described before.Aim To study the outcome of AYA patients in phase I clinical trials.Methods Clinical trial data of AYAs (defined as aged 15-39 years at diagnosis) treated at the Drug Development Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, between 2002 and 2016, were analysed.Results From a prospectively maintained database of 2631 patients treated in phase I trials, 219 AYA patients (8%) were identified. Major tumour types included gynaecological cancer (25%) and sarcoma (18%). Twenty-five (11%) had a known hereditary cancer syndrome (most commonly BRCA). Molecular characterisation of tumours (n = 45) identified mutations most commonly in TP53 (33%), PI3KCA (18%) and KRAS (9%). Therapeutic targets of trials included DNA damage repair (16%), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) (16%) and angiogenesis (16%). Grade 3/4 toxicities were experienced in 26% of patients. Of the 214 evaluable patients, objective response rate was 12%, with clinical benefit rate at 6 months of 22%. Median overall survival (OS) was 7.5 months (95% confidence interval: 6.3-9.5), and 2-year OS was 11%. Of patients with responses, 36% were matched to phase I trials based on germline or somatic genetic aberrations.Conclusion We describe the outcome of the largest cohort of AYA patients treated in phase I trials. A subgroup of these patients demonstrates benefit, with several durable responses beyond 2 years. A sizeable proportion of AYA patients have cancer syndromes, significant family history or somatic molecular aberrancies which may influence novel therapeutic treatment options.
Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
Outcome Assessment, Health Care
Medicine (de Bono Prostate)
Clinical and Translational Sarcoma
Clinical Pharmacology – Adaptive Therapy
Medicine Drug Development Unit (de Bono)
Prostate Cancer Targeted Therapy Group
Medicine Drug Development Unit (Kaye)
License start date
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 2018, 101 pp. 55 - 61