Now showing items 236-255 of 655

    • GDNF-RET signaling in ER-positive breast cancers is a key determinant of response and resistance to aromatase inhibitors. 

      Morandi, A; Martin, LA; Gao, Q; Pancholi, S; Mackay, A; Robertson, D; Zvelebil, M; Dowsett, M; Plaza-Menacho, I; Isacke, CM (2013-06)
      Most breast cancers at diagnosis are estrogen receptor-positive (ER(+)) and depend on estrogen for growth and survival. Blocking estrogen biosynthesis by aromatase inhibitors has therefore become a first-line endocrine ...
    • Gefitinib and EGFR Gene Copy Number Aberrations in Esophageal Cancer. 

      Petty, RD; Dahle-Smith, A; Stevenson, DAJ; Osborne, A; Massie, D; Clark, C; Murray, GI; Dutton, SJ; Roberts, C; Chong, IY; Mansoor, W; Thompson, J; Harrison, M; Chatterjee, A; Falk, SJ; Elyan, S; Garcia-Alonso, A; Fyfe, DW; Wadsley, J; Chau, I; Ferry, DR; Miedzybrodzka, Z (2017-07-10)
      Purpose The Cancer Esophagus Gefitinib trial demonstrated improved progression-free survival with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib relative to placebo in patients with advanced ...
    • Gene expression modules in primary breast cancers as risk factors for organotropic patterns of first metastatic spread: a case control study. 

      Lawler, K; Papouli, E; Naceur-Lombardelli, C; Mera, A; Ougham, K; Tutt, A; Kimbung, S; Hedenfalk, I; Zhan, J; Zhang, H; Buus, R; Dowsett, M; Ng, T; Pinder, SE; Parker, P; Holmberg, L; Gillett, CE; Grigoriadis, A; Purushotham, A (2017-10-13)
      BACKGROUND: Metastases from primary breast cancers can involve single or multiple organs at metastatic disease diagnosis. Molecular risk factors for particular patterns of metastastic spread in a clinical population are ...
    • Generalised Anxiety Disorder - A Twin Study of Genetic Architecture, Genome-Wide Association and Differential Gene Expression 

      Davies, Matthew (2015-08)
      Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a common anxiety-related diagnosis, affecting approximately 5% of the adult population. One characteristic of GAD is a high degree of anxiety sensitivity (AS), a personality trait which ...
    • Genes Predisposed to DNA Hypermethylation during Acquired Resistance to Chemotherapy Are Identified in Ovarian Tumors by Bivalent Chromatin Domains at Initial Diagnosis. 

      Curry, E; Zeller, C; Masrour, N; Patten, DK; Gallon, J; Wilhelm-Benartzi, CS; Ghaem-Maghami, S; Bowtell, DD; Brown, R (2018-03-15)
      Bivalent chromatin domains containing both active H3K4me3 and repressive H3K27me3 histone marks define gene sets poised for expression or silencing in differentiating embryonic stem (ES) cells. In cancer cells, aberrantly ...
    • Genetic and regulatory mechanism of susceptibility to high-hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukaemia at 10p21.2. 

      Studd, JB; Vijayakrishnan, J; Yang, M; Migliorini, G; Paulsson, K; Houlston, RS (2017-03-03)
      Despite high-hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (HD-ALL) being the most common subgroup of paediatric ALL, its aetiology remains unknown. Genome-wide association studies have demonstrated association at 10q21.2. ...
    • Genetic correlation between multiple myeloma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia provides evidence for shared aetiology. 

      Went, M; Sud, A; Speedy, H; Sunter, NJ; Försti, A; Law, PJ; Johnson, DC; Mirabella, F; Holroyd, A; Li, N; Orlando, G; Weinhold, N; van Duin, M; Chen, B; Mitchell, JS; Mansouri, L; Juliusson, G; Smedby, KE; Jayne, S; Majid, A; Dearden, C; Allsup, DJ; Bailey, JR; Pratt, G; Pepper, C; Fegan, C; Rosenquist, R; Kuiper, R; Stephens, OW; Bertsch, U; Broderick, P; Einsele, H; Gregory, WM; Hillengass, J; Hoffmann, P; Jackson, GH; Jöckel, K-H; Nickel, J; Nöthen, MM; da Silva Filho, MI; Thomsen, H; Walker, BA; Broyl, A; Davies, FE; Hansson, M; Goldschmidt, H; Dyer, MJS; Kaiser, M; Sonneveld, P; Morgan, GJ; Hemminki, K; Nilsson, B; Catovsky, D; Allan, JM; Houlston, RS (2018-12-21)
      The clustering of different types of B-cell malignancies in families raises the possibility of shared aetiology. To examine this, we performed cross-trait linkage disequilibrium (LD)-score regression of multiple myeloma ...
    • Genetic predisposition to B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia at 14q11.2 is mediated by a CEBPE promoter polymorphism. 

      Studd, JB; Yang, M; Li, Z; Vijayakrishnan, J; Lu, Y; Yeoh, AE-J; Paulsson, K; Houlston, RS (2019-01)
      Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common paediatric malignancy. Genome-wide association studies have shown variation at 14q11.2 influences ALL risk. We sought to decipher causal variant(s) at 14q11.2 and the ...
    • Genetic Predisposition to Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Is Mediated by a BMF Super-Enhancer Polymorphism. 

      Kandaswamy, R; Sava, GP; Speedy, HE; Beà, S; Martín-Subero, JI; Studd, JB; Migliorini, G; Law, PJ; Puente, XS; Martín-García, D; Salaverria, I; Gutiérrez-Abril, J; López-Otín, C; Catovsky, D; Allan, JM; Campo, E; Houlston, RS (2016-08-10)
      Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an adult B cell malignancy. Genome-wide association studies show that variation at 15q15.1 influences CLL risk. We deciphered the causal variant at 15q15.1 and the mechanism by which ...
    • Genetic Predisposition to Multiple Myeloma at 5q15 Is Mediated by an ELL2 Enhancer Polymorphism. 

      Li, N; Johnson, DC; Weinhold, N; Kimber, S; Dobbins, SE; Mitchell, JS; Kinnersley, B; Sud, A; Law, PJ; Orlando, G; Scales, M; Wardell, CP; Försti, A; Hoang, PH; Went, M; Holroyd, A; Hariri, F; Pastinen, T; Meissner, T; Goldschmidt, H; Hemminki, K; Morgan, GJ; Kaiser, M; Houlston, RS (2017-09-12)
      Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignancy of plasma cells. Genome-wide association studies have shown that variation at 5q15 influences MM risk. Here, we have sought to decipher the causal variant at 5q15 and the mechanism by ...
    • Genetic Variants Related to Longer Telomere Length are Associated with Increased Risk of Renal Cell Carcinoma. 

      Machiela, MJ; Hofmann, JN; Carreras-Torres, R; Brown, KM; Johansson, M; Wang, Z; Foll, M; Li, P; Rothman, N; Savage, SA; Gaborieau, V; McKay, JD; Ye, Y; Henrion, M; Bruinsma, F; Jordan, S; Severi, G; Hveem, K; Vatten, LJ; Fletcher, T; Koppova, K; Larsson, SC; Wolk, A; Banks, RE; Selby, PJ; Easton, DF; Pharoah, P; Andreotti, G; Freeman, LEB; Koutros, S; Albanes, D; Mannisto, S; Weinstein, S; Clark, PE; Edwards, TE; Lipworth, L; Gapstur, SM; Stevens, VL; Carol, H; Freedman, ML; Pomerantz, MM; Cho, E; Kraft, P; Preston, MA; Wilson, KM; Gaziano, JM; Sesso, HS; Black, A; Freedman, ND; Huang, W-Y; Anema, JG; Kahnoski, RJ; Lane, BR; Noyes, SL; Petillo, D; Colli, LM; Sampson, JN; Besse, C; Blanche, H; Boland, A; Burdette, L; Prokhortchouk, E; Skryabin, KG; Yeager, M; Mijuskovic, M; Ognjanovic, M; Foretova, L; Holcatova, I; Janout, V; Mates, D; Mukeriya, A; Rascu, S; Zaridze, D; Bencko, V; Cybulski, C; Fabianova, E; Jinga, V; Lissowska, J; Lubinski, J; Navratilova, M; Rudnai, P; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N; Benhamou, S; Cancel-Tassin, G; Cussenot, O; Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB; Canzian, F; Duell, EJ; Ljungberg, B; Sitaram, RT; Peters, U; White, E; Anderson, GL; Johnson, L; Luo, J; Buring, J; Lee, I-M; Chow, W-H; Moore, LE; Wood, C; Eisen, T; Larkin, J; Choueiri, TK; Lathrop, GM; Teh, BT; Deleuze, J-F; Wu, X; Houlston, RS; Brennan, P; Chanock, SJ; Scelo, G; Purdue, MP (2017-11)
      BACKGROUND: Relative telomere length in peripheral blood leukocytes has been evaluated as a potential biomarker for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk in several studies, with conflicting findings. OBJECTIVE: We performed an ...
    • Genetic variation at CYP3A is associated with age at menarche and breast cancer risk: a case-control study. 

      Johnson, N; Dudbridge, F; Orr, N; Gibson, L; Jones, ME; Schoemaker, MJ; Folkerd, EJ; Haynes, BP; Hopper, JL; Southey, MC; Dite, GS; Apicella, C; Schmidt, MK; Broeks, A; Van't Veer, LJ; Atsma, F; Muir, K; Lophatananon, A; Fasching, PA; Beckmann, MW; Ekici, AB; Renner, SP; Sawyer, E; Tomlinson, I; Kerin, M; Miller, N; Burwinkel, B; Marme, F; Schneeweiss, A; Sohn, C; Guénel, P; Truong, T; Cordina, E; Menegaux, F; Bojesen, SE; Nordestgaard, BG; Flyger, H; Milne, R; Zamora, MP; Arias Perez, JI; Benitez, J; Bernstein, L; Anton-Culver, H; Ziogas, A; Clarke Dur, C; Brenner, H; Müller, H; Arndt, V; Dieffenbach, AK; Meindl, A; Heil, J; Bartram, CR; Schmutzler, RK; Brauch, H; Justenhoven, C; Ko, YD; Nevanlinna, H; Muranen, TA; Aittomäki, K; Blomqvist, C; Matsuo, K; Dörk, T; Bogdanova, NV; Antonenkova, NN; Lindblom, A; Mannermaa, A; Kataja, V; Kosma, VM; Hartikainen, JM; Chenevix-Trench, G; Beesley, J; Wu, AH; Van den Berg, D; Tseng, CC; Lambrechts, D; Smeets, D; Neven, P; Wildiers, H; Chang-Claude, J; Rudolph, A; Nickels, S; Flesch-Janys, D; Radice, P; Peterlongo, P; Bonanni, B; Pensotti, V; Couch, FJ; Olson, JE; Wang, X; Fredericksen, Z; Pankratz, VS; Giles, GG; Severi, G; Baglietto, L; Haiman, C; Simard, J; Goldberg, MS; Labrèche, F; Dumont, M; Soucy, P; Teo, S; Yip, CH; Phuah, SY; Cornes, BK; Kristensen, VN; Grenaker Alnæs, G; Børresen-Dale, AL; Zheng, W; Winqvist, R; Pylkäs, K; Jukkola-Vuorinen, A; Grip, M; Andrulis, IL; Knight, JA; Glendon, G; Mulligan, AM; Devillee, P; Figueroa, J; Chanock, SJ; Lissowska, J; Sherman, ME; Hall, P; Schoof, N; Hooning, M; Hollestelle, A; Oldenburg, RA; Tilanus-Linthorst, M; Liu, J; Cox, A; Brock, IW; Reed, MW; Cross, SS; Blot, W; Signorello, LB; Pharoah, PD; Dunning, AM; Shah, M; Kang, D; Noh, DY; Park, SK; Choi, JY; Hartman, M; Miao, H; Lim, WY; Tang, A; Hamann, U; Försti, A; Rüdiger, T; Ulmer, HU; Jakubowska, A; Lubinski, J; Jaworska-Bieniek, K; Durda, K; Sangrajrang, S; Gaborieau, V; Brennan, P; McKay, J; Slager, S; Toland, AE; Vachon, C; Yannoukakos, D; Shen, CY; Yu, JC; Huang, CS; Hou, MF; González-Neira, A; Tessier, DC; Vincent, D; Bacot, F; Luccarini, C; Dennis, J; Michailidou, K; Bolla, MK; Wang, J; Easton, DF; García-Closas, M; Dowsett, M; Ashworth, A; Swerdlow, AJ; Peto, J; dos Santos Silva, I; Fletcher, O (2014-01)
      We have previously shown that a tag single nucleotide polymorphism (rs10235235), which maps to the CYP3A locus (7q22.1), was associated with a reduction in premenopausal urinary estrone glucuronide levels and a modest ...
    • Genome-wide and high-density CRISPR-Cas9 screens identify point mutations in PARP1 causing PARP inhibitor resistance. 

      Pettitt, SJ; Krastev, DB; Brandsma, I; Dréan, A; Song, F; Aleksandrov, R; Harrell, MI; Menon, M; Brough, R; Campbell, J; Frankum, J; Ranes, M; Pemberton, HN; Rafiq, R; Fenwick, K; Swain, A; Guettler, S; Lee, J-M; Swisher, EM; Stoynov, S; Yusa, K; Ashworth, A; Lord, CJ (2018-05-10)
      Although PARP inhibitors (PARPi) target homologous recombination defective tumours, drug resistance frequently emerges, often via poorly understood mechanisms. Here, using genome-wide and high-density CRISPR-Cas9 ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis identifies a meningioma risk locus at 11p15.5. 

      Claus, EB; Cornish, AJ; Broderick, P; Schildkraut, JM; Dobbins, SE; Holroyd, A; Calvocoressi, L; Lu, L; Hansen, HM; Smirnov, I; Walsh, KM; Schramm, J; Hoffmann, P; Nöthen, MM; Jöckel, K-H; Swerdlow, A; Larsen, SB; Johansen, C; Simon, M; Bondy, M; Wrensch, M; Houlston, RS; Wiemels, JL (2018-10-09)
      Background: Meningiomas are adult brain tumors originating in the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord, with significant heritable basis. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have previously identified only ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis implicates dysregulation of immunity genes in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. 

      Law, PJ; Berndt, SI; Speedy, HE; Camp, NJ; Sava, GP; Skibola, CF; Holroyd, A; Joseph, V; Sunter, NJ; Nieters, A; Bea, S; Monnereau, A; Martin-Garcia, D; Goldin, LR; Clot, G; Teras, LR; Quintela, I; Birmann, BM; Jayne, S; Cozen, W; Majid, A; Smedby, KE; Lan, Q; Dearden, C; Brooks-Wilson, AR; Hall, AG; Purdue, MP; Mainou-Fowler, T; Vajdic, CM; Jackson, GH; Cocco, P; Marr, H; Zhang, Y; Zheng, T; Giles, GG; Lawrence, C; Call, TG; Liebow, M; Melbye, M; Glimelius, B; Mansouri, L; Glenn, M; Curtin, K; Diver, WR; Link, BK; Conde, L; Bracci, PM; Holly, EA; Jackson, RD; Tinker, LF; Benavente, Y; Boffetta, P; Brennan, P; Maynadie, M; McKay, J; Albanes, D; Weinstein, S; Wang, Z; Caporaso, NE; Morton, LM; Severson, RK; Riboli, E; Vineis, P; Vermeulen, RCH; Southey, MC; Milne, RL; Clavel, J; Topka, S; Spinelli, JJ; Kraft, P; Ennas, MG; Summerfield, G; Ferri, GM; Harris, RJ; Miligi, L; Pettitt, AR; North, KE; Allsup, DJ; Fraumeni, JF; Bailey, JR; Offit, K; Pratt, G; Hjalgrim, H; Pepper, C; Chanock, SJ; Fegan, C; Rosenquist, R; de Sanjose, S; Carracedo, A; Dyer, MJS; Catovsky, D; Campo, E; Cerhan, JR; Allan, JM; Rothman, N; Houlston, R; Slager, S (2017-02-06)
      Several chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) susceptibility loci have been reported; however, much of the heritable risk remains unidentified. Here we perform a meta-analysis of six genome-wide association studies, imputed ...
    • Genome-wide association analysis of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma identifies pleiotropic risk loci. 

      Law, PJ; Sud, A; Mitchell, JS; Henrion, M; Orlando, G; Lenive, O; Broderick, P; Speedy, HE; Johnson, DC; Kaiser, M; Weinhold, N; Cooke, R; Sunter, NJ; Jackson, GH; Summerfield, G; Harris, RJ; Pettitt, AR; Allsup, DJ; Carmichael, J; Bailey, JR; Pratt, G; Rahman, T; Pepper, C; Fegan, C; von Strandmann, EP; Engert, A; Försti, A; Chen, B; Filho, MIDS; Thomsen, H; Hoffmann, P; Noethen, MM; Eisele, L; Jöckel, K-H; Allan, JM; Swerdlow, AJ; Goldschmidt, H; Catovsky, D; Morgan, GJ; Hemminki, K; Houlston, RS (2017-01-23)
      B-cell malignancies (BCM) originate from the same cell of origin, but at different maturation stages and have distinct clinical phenotypes. Although genetic risk variants for individual BCMs have been identified, an agnostic, ...
    • Genome-Wide Association Studies in Glioma. 

      Kinnersley, B; Houlston, RS; Bondy, ML (2018-04)
      Since the first reports in 2009, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been successful in identifying germline variants associated with glioma susceptibility. In this review, we describe a chronological history of ...
    • Genome-wide association studies of cancer: current insights and future perspectives. 

      Sud, A; Kinnersley, B; Houlston, RS (2017-11)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provide an agnostic approach for investigating the genetic basis of complex diseases. In oncology, GWAS of nearly all common malignancies have been performed, and over 450 genetic ...
    • Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis in Northern European populations replicate multiple colorectal cancer risk loci. 

      Tanskanen, T; van den Berg, L; Välimäki, N; Aavikko, M; Ness-Jensen, E; Hveem, K; Wettergren, Y; Bexe Lindskog, E; Tõnisson, N; Metspalu, A; Silander, K; Orlando, G; Law, PJ; Tuupanen, S; Gylfe, AE; Hänninen, UA; Cajuso, T; Kondelin, J; Sarin, A-P; Pukkala, E; Jousilahti, P; Salomaa, V; Ripatti, S; Palotie, A; Järvinen, H; Renkonen-Sinisalo, L; Lepistö, A; Böhm, J; Mecklin, J-P; Al-Tassan, NA; Palles, C; Martin, L; Barclay, E; Tenesa, A; Farrington, SM; Timofeeva, MN; Meyer, BF; Wakil, SM; Campbell, H; Smith, CG; Idziaszczyk, S; Maughan, TS; Kaplan, R; Kerr, R; Kerr, D; Buchanan, DD; Win, AK; Hopper, J; Jenkins, MA; Newcomb, PA; Gallinger, S; Conti, D; Schumacher, FR; Casey, G; Cheadle, JP; Dunlop, MG; Tomlinson, IP; Houlston, RS; Palin, K; Aaltonen, LA (2018-02-01)
      Genome-wide association studies have been successful in elucidating the genetic basis of colorectal cancer (CRC), but there remains unexplained variability in genetic risk. To identify new risk variants and to confirm ...
    • Genome-wide association study identifies five susceptibility loci for glioma. 

      Shete, S; Hosking, FJ; Robertson, LB; Dobbins, SE; Sanson, M; Malmer, B; Simon, M; Marie, Y; Boisselier, B; Delattre, JY; Hoang-Xuan, K; El Hallani, S; Idbaih, A; Zelenika, D; Andersson, U; Henriksson, R; Bergenheim, AT; Feychting, M; Lönn, S; Ahlbom, A; Schramm, J; Linnebank, M; Hemminki, K; Kumar, R; Hepworth, SJ; Price, A; Armstrong, G; Liu, Y; Gu, X; Yu, R; Lau, C; Schoemaker, M; Muir, K; Swerdlow, A; Lathrop, M; Bondy, M; Houlston, RS (2009-08)
      To identify risk variants for glioma, we conducted a meta-analysis of two genome-wide association studies by genotyping 550K tagging SNPs in a total of 1,878 cases and 3,670 controls, with validation in three additional ...