Now showing items 353-372 of 655

    • Ki67 Proliferation Index as a Tool for Chemotherapy Decisions During and After Neoadjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Treatment of Breast Cancer: Results From the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z1031 Trial (Alliance). 

      Ellis, MJ; Suman, VJ; Hoog, J; Goncalves, R; Sanati, S; Creighton, CJ; DeSchryver, K; Crouch, E; Brink, A; Watson, M; Luo, J; Tao, Y; Barnes, M; Dowsett, M; Budd, GT; Winer, E; Silverman, P; Esserman, L; Carey, L; Ma, CX; Unzeitig, G; Pluard, T; Whitworth, P; Babiera, G; Guenther, JM; Dayao, Z; Ota, D; Leitch, M; Olson, JA; Allred, DC; Hunt, K (2017-04-01)
      Purpose To determine the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in estrogen receptor (ER) -positive primary breast cancer triaged to chemotherapy when the protein encoded by the MKI67 gene (Ki67) level was > 10% after 2 ...
    • KRAS and BRAF mutations in circulating tumour DNA from locally advanced rectal cancer. 

      Sclafani, F; Chau, I; Cunningham, D; Hahne, JC; Vlachogiannis, G; Eltahir, Z; Lampis, A; Braconi, C; Kalaitzaki, E; De Castro, DG; Wotherspoon, A; Capdevila, J; Glimelius, B; Tarazona, N; Begum, R; Lote, H; Hulkki Wilson, S; Mentrasti, G; Brown, G; Tait, D; Oates, J; Valeri, N (2018-01-23)
      There are limited data on circulating, cell-free, tumour (ct)DNA analysis in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Digital droplet (dd)PCR was used to investigate KRAS/BRAF mutations in ctDNA from baseline blood samples ...
    • Lack of association between modifiable exposures and glioma risk: A Mendelian randomisation analysis. 

      Saunders, CN; Cornish, AJ; Kinnersley, B; Law, PJ; Claus, EB; Il'yasova, D; Schildkraut, J; Barnholtz-Sloan, JS; Olson, SH; Bernstein, JL; Lai, RK; Chanock, S; Rajaraman, P; Johansen, C; Jenkins, RB; Melin, BS; Wrensch, MR; Sanson, M; Bondy, ML; Houlston, RS (2019-10-30)
      BACKGROUND: The etiological basis of glioma is poorly understood. We have used genetic markers in a Mendelian Randomisation (MR) framework to examine if lifestyle, cardiometabolic and inflammatory factors influence the ...
    • The landscape of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in sarcomas: looking beyond pazopanib. 

      Wilding, CP; Elms, ML; Judson, I; Tan, A-C; Jones, RL; Huang, PH (2019-11-13)
      Introduction: Tyrosine kinases are key mediators of intracellular signaling cascades and aberrations in these proteins have been implicated in driving oncogenesis through the dysregulation of fundamental cellular processes ...
    • Large-scale Analysis Demonstrates Familial Testicular Cancer to have Polygenic Aetiology. 

      Loveday, C; Law, P; Litchfield, K; Levy, M; Holroyd, A; Broderick, P; Kote-Jarai, Z; Dunning, AM; Muir, K; Peto, J; Eeles, R; Easton, DF; Dudakia, D; Orr, N; Pashayan, N; UK Testicular Cancer Collaboration, The PRACTICAL Consortium; Reid, A; Huddart, RA; Houlston, RS; Turnbull, C (2018-09)
      Testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT) is the most common cancer in young men. Multiplex TGCT families have been well reported and analyses of population cancer registries have demonstrated a four- to eightfold risk to male ...
    • Large-scale genotyping identifies 41 new loci associated with breast cancer risk. 

      Michailidou, K; Hall, P; Gonzalez-Neira, A; Ghoussaini, M; Dennis, J; Milne, RL; Schmidt, MK; Chang-Claude, J; Bojesen, SE; Bolla, MK; Wang, Q; Dicks, E; Lee, A; Turnbull, C; Rahman, N; Fletcher, O; Peto, J; Gibson, L; Dos Santos Silva, I; Nevanlinna, H; Muranen, TA; Aittomäki, K; Blomqvist, C; Czene, K; Irwanto, A; Liu, J; Waisfisz, Q; Meijers-Heijboer, H; Adank, M; van der Luijt, RB; Hein, R; Dahmen, N; Beckman, L; Meindl, A; Schmutzler, RK; Müller-Myhsok, B; Lichtner, P; Hopper, JL; Southey, MC; Makalic, E; Schmidt, DF; Uitterlinden, AG; Hofman, A; Hunter, DJ; Chanock, SJ; Vincent, D; Bacot, F; Tessier, DC; Canisius, S; Wessels, LF; Haiman, CA; Shah, M; Luben, R; Brown, J; Luccarini, C; Schoof, N; Humphreys, K; Li, J; Nordestgaard, BG; Nielsen, SF; Flyger, H; Couch, FJ; Wang, X; Vachon, C; Stevens, KN; Lambrechts, D; Moisse, M; Paridaens, R; Christiaens, MR; Rudolph, A; Nickels, S; Flesch-Janys, D; Johnson, N; Aitken, Z; Aaltonen, K; Heikkinen, T; Broeks, A; Veer, LJ; van der Schoot, CE; Guénel, P; Truong, T; Laurent-Puig, P; Menegaux, F; Marme, F; Schneeweiss, A; Sohn, C; Burwinkel, B; Zamora, MP; Perez, JI; Pita, G; Alonso, MR; Cox, A; Brock, IW; Cross, SS; Reed, MW; Sawyer, EJ; Tomlinson, I; Kerin, MJ; Miller, N; Henderson, BE; Schumacher, F; Le Marchand, L; Andrulis, IL; Knight, JA; Glendon, G; Mulligan, AM; Lindblom, A; Margolin, S; Hooning, MJ; Hollestelle, A; van den Ouweland, AM; Jager, A; Bui, QM; Stone, J; Dite, GS; Apicella, C; Tsimiklis, H; Giles, GG; Severi, G; Baglietto, L; Fasching, PA; Haeberle, L; Ekici, AB; Beckmann, MW; Brenner, H; Müller, H; Arndt, V; Stegmaier, C; Swerdlow, A; Ashworth, A; Orr, N; Jones, M; Figueroa, J; Lissowska, J; Brinton, L; Goldberg, MS; Labrèche, F; Dumont, M; Winqvist, R; Pylkäs, K; Jukkola-Vuorinen, A; Grip, M; Brauch, H; Hamann, U; Brüning, T; Radice, P; Peterlongo, P; Manoukian, S; Bonanni, B; Devilee, P; Tollenaar, RA; Seynaeve, C; van Asperen, CJ; Jakubowska, A; Lubinski, J; Jaworska, K; Durda, K; Mannermaa, A; Kataja, V; Kosma, VM; Hartikainen, JM; Bogdanova, NV; Antonenkova, NN; Dörk, T; Kristensen, VN; Anton-Culver, H; Slager, S; Toland, AE; Edge, S; Fostira, F; Kang, D; Yoo, KY; Noh, DY; Matsuo, K; Ito, H; Iwata, H; Sueta, A; Wu, AH; Tseng, CC; Van Den Berg, D; Stram, DO; Shu, XO; Lu, W; Gao, YT; Cai, H; Teo, SH; Yip, CH; Phuah, SY; Cornes, BK; Hartman, M; Miao, H; Lim, WY; Sng, JH; Muir, K; Lophatananon, A; Stewart-Brown, S; Siriwanarangsan, P; Shen, CY; Hsiung, CN; Wu, PE; Ding, SL; Sangrajrang, S; Gaborieau, V; Brennan, P; McKay, J; Blot, WJ; Signorello, LB; Cai, Q; Zheng, W; Deming-Halverson, S; Shrubsole, M; Long, J; Simard, J; Garcia-Closas, M; Pharoah, PD; Chenevix-Trench, G; Dunning, AM; Benitez, J; Easton, DF (2013-04)
      Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Common variants at 27 loci have been identified as associated with susceptibility to breast cancer, and these account for ∼9% of the familial risk of the disease. We ...
    • Large-Scale Profiling of Kinase Dependencies in Cancer Cell Lines. 

      Campbell, J; Ryan, CJ; Brough, R; Bajrami, I; Pemberton, HN; Chong, IY; Costa-Cabral, S; Frankum, J; Gulati, A; Holme, H; Miller, R; Postel-Vinay, S; Rafiq, R; Wei, W; Williamson, CT; Quigley, DA; Tym, J; Al-Lazikani, B; Fenton, T; Natrajan, R; Strauss, SJ; Ashworth, A; Lord, CJ (2016-03-02)
      One approach to identifying cancer-specific vulnerabilities and therapeutic targets is to profile genetic dependencies in cancer cell lines. Here, we describe data from a series of siRNA screens that identify the kinase ...
    • Large-scale Sequencing of Testicular Germ Cell Tumour (TGCT) Cases Excludes Major TGCT Predisposition Gene. 

      Litchfield, K; Loveday, C; Levy, M; Dudakia, D; Rapley, E; Nsengimana, J; Bishop, DT; Reid, A; Huddart, R; Broderick, P; Houlston, RS; Turnbull, C (2018-06)
      Testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT), the most common cancer in young men, has a significant heritable basis that has long raised questions as to the existence of underlying major high-penetrance susceptibility gene(s). To ...
    • Lenalidomide maintenance versus observation for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (Myeloma XI): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial. 

      Jackson, GH; Davies, FE; Pawlyn, C; Cairns, DA; Striha, A; Collett, C; Hockaday, A; Jones, JR; Kishore, B; Garg, M; Williams, CD; Karunanithi, K; Lindsay, J; Jenner, MW; Cook, G; Russell, NH; Kaiser, MF; Drayson, MT; Owen, RG; Gregory, WM; Morgan, GJ; UK NCRI Haemato-oncology Clinical Studies Group (2019-01)
      BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple myeloma treated with lenalidomide maintenance therapy have improved progression-free survival, primarily following autologous stem-cell transplantation. A beneficial effect of lenalidomide ...
    • Lessons from a case of T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukaemia suggesting that immunomodulatory therapy is more effective than intensive treatment 

      Osuji, N; Matutes, E; Wotherspoon, A; Catovsky, D (2005-02)
      Leukemia treatment strives to eradicate the malignant clone. With T-cell large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia, the onus of treatment appears to be modification of the disease rather than eradication of the clone, We ...
    • Leveraging Human Genetics to Guide Cancer Drug Development. 

      Kinnersley, B; Sud, A; Coker, EA; Tym, JE; Di Micco, P; Al-Lazikani, B; Houlston, RS (2018-12)
      PURPOSE: The high attrition rate of cancer drug development programs is a barrier to realizing the promise of precision oncology. We have examined whether the genetic insights from genome-wide association studies of cancer ...
    • Life following aromatase inhibitors--where now for endocrine sequencing? 

      Johnston, SR; Martin, LA; Dowsett, M (2005-01)
      The third-generation non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are challenging tamoxifen as treatments of choice for early and advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease. ...
    • The Lineage Determining Factor GRHL2 Collaborates with FOXA1 to Establish a Targetable Pathway in Endocrine Therapy-Resistant Breast Cancer. 

      Cocce, KJ; Jasper, JS; Desautels, TK; Everett, L; Wardell, S; Westerling, T; Baldi, R; Wright, TM; Tavares, K; Yllanes, A; Bae, Y; Blitzer, JT; Logsdon, C; Rakiec, DP; Ruddy, DA; Jiang, T; Broadwater, G; Hyslop, T; Hall, A; Laine, M; Phung, L; Greene, GL; Martin, L-A; Pancholi, S; Dowsett, M; Detre, S; Marks, JR; Crawford, GE; Brown, M; Norris, JD; Chang, C-Y; McDonnell, DP (2019-10-22)
      Notwithstanding the positive clinical impact of endocrine therapies in estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα)-positive breast cancer, de novo and acquired resistance limits the therapeutic lifespan of existing drugs. Taking the ...
    • Lkb1 Deficiency Alters Goblet and Paneth Cell Differentiation in the Small Intestine 

      Ashworth, A (PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2009-01)
      The Lkb1 tumour suppressor is a multitasking kinase participating in a range of physiological processes. We have determined the impact of Lkb1 deficiency on intestinal homeostasis, particularly focussing on secretory cell ...
    • LKB1 is required for hepatic bile acid transport and canalicular membrane integrity in mice. 

      Woods, A; Heslegrave, AJ; Muckett, PJ; Levene, AP; Clements, M; Mobberley, M; Ryder, TA; Abu-Hayyeh, S; Williamson, C; Goldin, RD; Ashworth, A; Withers, DJ; Carling, D (2011-02)
      LKB1 is a 'master' protein kinase implicated in the regulation of metabolism, cell proliferation, cell polarity and tumorigenesis. However, the long-term role of LKB1 in hepatic function is unknown. In the present study, ...
    • The long non-coding RNA MYCNOS-01 regulates MYCN protein levels and affects growth of MYCN-amplified rhabdomyosarcoma and neuroblastoma cells. 

      O'Brien, EM; Selfe, JL; Martins, AS; Walters, ZS; Shipley, JM (2018-02-21)
      BACKGROUND: MYCN is amplified in small cell lung cancers and several pediatric tumors, including alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas and neuroblastomas. MYCN protein is known to play a key oncogenic role in both alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas ...
    • LONG-NONCODING RNAs in gastroesophageal cancers. 

      Fanelli, GN; Gasparini, P; Coati, I; Cui, R; Pakula, H; Chowdhury, B; Valeri, N; Loupakis, F; Kupcinskas, J; Cappellesso, R; Fassan, M (2018-12)
      Despite continuing improvements in multimodal therapies, gastro-esophageal malignances remain widely prevalent in the population and is characterized by poor overall and disease-free survival rates. Due to the lack of ...
    • Long-term outcomes for neoadjuvant versus adjuvant chemotherapy in early breast cancer: meta-analysis of individual patient data from ten randomised trials. 

      Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group (EBCTCG) (2018-01)
      BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for early breast cancer can make breast-conserving surgery more feasible and might be more likely to eradicate micrometastatic disease than might the same chemotherapy given after ...
    • Longitudinal Liquid Biopsy and Mathematical Modeling of Clonal Evolution Forecast Time to Treatment Failure in the PROSPECT-C Phase II Colorectal Cancer Clinical Trial. 

      Khan, KH; Cunningham, D; Werner, B; Vlachogiannis, G; Spiteri, I; Heide, T; Mateos, JF; Vatsiou, A; Lampis, A; Damavandi, MD; Lote, H; Huntingford, IS; Hedayat, S; Chau, I; Tunariu, N; Mentrasti, G; Trevisani, F; Rao, S; Anandappa, G; Watkins, D; Starling, N; Thomas, J; Peckitt, C; Khan, N; Rugge, M; Begum, R; Hezelova, B; Bryant, A; Jones, T; Proszek, P; Fassan, M; Hahne, JC; Hubank, M; Braconi, C; Sottoriva, A; Valeri, N (2018-10)
      Sequential profiling of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) holds immense promise for early detection of patient progression. However, how to exploit the predictive power of cfDNA as a liquid biopsy in the clinic remains unclear. ...
    • A luminal breast cancer genome atlas: progress and barriers. 

      Ellis, MJ; Dixon, M; Dowsett, M; Nagarajan, R; Mardis, E (2007-08)
      The challenge of developing an atlas that catalogs all the functionally important genomic changes associated with the development of luminal-type breast cancer is discussed in this article. The development of genome-wide ...