Now showing items 423-442 of 1101

    • Genomic landscape of platinum resistant and sensitive testicular cancers. 

      Loveday, C; Litchfield, K; Proszek, PZ; Cornish, AJ; Santo, F; Levy, M; Macintyre, G; Holryod, A; Broderick, P; Dudakia, D; Benton, B; Bakir, MA; Hiley, C; Grist, E; Swanton, C; Huddart, R; Powles, T; Chowdhury, S; Shipley, J; O'Connor, S; Brenton, JD; Reid, A; de Castro, DG; Houlston, RS; Turnbull, C (2020-05-04)
      While most testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) exhibit exquisite sensitivity to platinum chemotherapy, ~10% are platinum resistant. To gain insight into the underlying mechanisms, we undertake whole exome sequencing and ...
    • Geometric and dosimetric evaluations of atlas-based segmentation methods of MR images in the head and neck region. 

      Kieselmann, JP; Kamerling, CP; Burgos, N; Menten, MJ; Fuller, CD; Nill, S; Cardoso, MJ; Oelfke, U (2018-07-11)
      Owing to its excellent soft-tissue contrast, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has found an increased application in radiation therapy (RT). By harnessing these properties for treatment planning, automated segmentation methods ...
    • Germline BRCA mutation and outcome in young-onset breast cancer (POSH): a prospective cohort study. 

      Copson, ER; Maishman, TC; Tapper, WJ; Cutress, RI; Greville-Heygate, S; Altman, DG; Eccles, B; Gerty, S; Durcan, LT; Jones, L; Evans, DG; Thompson, AM; Pharoah, P; Easton, DF; Dunning, AM; Hanby, A; Lakhani, S; Eeles, R; Gilbert, FJ; Hamed, H; Hodgson, S; Simmonds, P; Stanton, L; Eccles, DM (2018-02)
      Background Retrospective studies provide conflicting interpretations of the effect of inherited genetic factors on the prognosis of patients with breast cancer. The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of ...
    • Germline DNA Repair Gene Mutations in Young-onset Prostate Cancer Cases in the UK: Evidence for a More Extensive Genetic Panel. 

      Leongamornlert, DA; Saunders, EJ; Wakerell, S; Whitmore, I; Dadaev, T; Cieza-Borrella, C; Benafif, S; Brook, MN; Donovan, JL; Hamdy, FC; Neal, DE; Muir, K; Govindasami, K; Conti, DV; Kote-Jarai, Z; Eeles, RA (2019-09)
      Background Rare germline mutations in DNA repair genes are associated with prostate cancer (PCa) predisposition and prognosis.Objective To quantify the frequency of germline DNA repair gene mutations in UK PCa cases and ...
    • Germline genetic variation in prostate susceptibility does not predict outcomes in the chemoprevention trials PCPT and SELECT. 

      Ahmed, M; Goh, C; Saunders, E; Cieza-Borrella, C; PRACTICAL consortium; Kote-Jarai, Z; Schumacher, FR; Eeles, R (2020-06)
      Background The development of prostate cancer can be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Numerous germline SNPs influence prostate cancer susceptibility. The functional pathways in which these SNPs increase ...
    • Germline sequencing DNA repair genes in 5,545 men with aggressive and non-aggressive prostate cancer. 

      Darst, BF; Dadaev, T; Saunders, E; Sheng, X; Wan, P; Pooler, L; Xia, LY; Chanock, S; Berndt, SI; Gapstur, SM; Stevens, V; Albanes, D; Weinstein, SJ; Gnanapragasam, V; Giles, GG; Nguyen-Dumont, T; Milne, RL; Pomerantz, M; Schmidt, JA; Mucci, L; Catalona, WJ; Hetrick, KN; Doheny, KF; MacInnis, RJ; Southey, MC; Eeles, RA; Wiklund, F; Kote-Jarai, Z; Conti, DV; Haiman, CA (2020-08-27)
      Background There is an urgent need to identify factors specifically associated with aggressive prostate cancer (PCa) risk. We investigated whether rare pathogenic, likely pathogenic, or deleterious (P/LP/D) germline variants ...
    • Germline variants in IL4, MGMT and AKT1 are associated with prostate cancer-specific mortality: An analysis of 12,082 prostate cancer cases. 

      FitzGerald, LM; Zhao, S; Leonardson, A; Geybels, MS; Kolb, S; Lin, DW; Wright, JL; Eeles, R; Kote-Jarai, Z; Govindasami, K; Giles, GG; Southey, MC; Schleutker, J; Tammela, TL; Sipeky, C; Penney, KL; Stampfer, MJ; Gronberg, H; Wiklund, F; Stattin, P; Hugosson, J; Karyadi, DM; Ostrander, EA; Feng, Z; Stanford, JL (2018-06)
      BACKGROUND:Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of mortality and genetic factors can influence tumour aggressiveness. Several germline variants have been associated with PCa-specific mortality (PCSM), but further ...
    • Germline variation at 8q24 and prostate cancer risk in men of European ancestry. 

      Matejcic, M; Saunders, EJ; Dadaev, T; Brook, MN; Wang, K; Sheng, X; Olama, AAA; Schumacher, FR; Ingles, SA; Govindasami, K; Benlloch, S; Berndt, SI; Albanes, D; Koutros, S; Muir, K; Stevens, VL; Gapstur, SM; Tangen, CM; Batra, J; Clements, J; Gronberg, H; Pashayan, N; Schleutker, J; Wolk, A; West, C; Mucci, L; Kraft, P; Cancel-Tassin, G; Sorensen, KD; Maehle, L; Grindedal, EM; Strom, SS; Neal, DE; Hamdy, FC; Donovan, JL; Travis, RC; Hamilton, RJ; Rosenstein, B; Lu, Y-J; Giles, GG; Kibel, AS; Vega, A; Bensen, JT; Kogevinas, M; Penney, KL; Park, JY; Stanford, JL; Cybulski, C; Nordestgaard, BG; Brenner, H; Maier, C; Kim, J; Teixeira, MR; Neuhausen, SL; De Ruyck, K; Razack, A; Newcomb, LF; Lessel, D; Kaneva, R; Usmani, N; Claessens, F; Townsend, PA; Gago-Dominguez, M; Roobol, MJ; Menegaux, F; Khaw, K-T; Cannon-Albright, LA; Pandha, H; Thibodeau, SN; Schaid, DJ; PRACTICAL (Prostate Cancer Association Group to Investigate Cancer-Associated Alterations in the Genome) Consortium; Wiklund, F; Chanock, SJ; Easton, DF; Eeles, RA; Kote-Jarai, Z; Conti, DV; Haiman, CA (2018-11-05)
      Chromosome 8q24 is a susceptibility locus for multiple cancers, including prostate cancer. Here we combine genetic data across the 8q24 susceptibility region from 71,535 prostate cancer cases and 52,935 controls of European ...
    • Global treatment patterns and outcomes among patients with recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: Results of the GLANCE H&N study. 

      Grünwald, V; Chirovsky, D; Cheung, WY; Bertolini, F; Ahn, M-J; Yang, M-H; Castro, G; Berrocal, A; Sjoquist, K; Kuyas, H; Auclair, V; Guillaume, X; Joo, S; Shah, R; Harrington, K; GLANCE H&N STUDY Investigators (2020-03)
      OBJECTIVES:Given a lack of universally-accepted standard-of-care treatment for patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC), study objectives were to assess treatment utilization and ...
    • Gold nanorod reshaping in vitro and in vivo using a continuous wave laser. 

      Harris-Birtill, D; Singh, M; Zhou, Y; Shah, A; Ruenraroengsak, P; Gallina, ME; Hanna, GB; Cass, AEG; Porter, AE; Bamber, J; Elson, DS (2017-01)
      Gold nanorods (GNRs) are increasingly being investigated for cancer theranostics as they possess features which lend themselves in equal measures as contrast agents and catalysts for photothermal therapy. Their optical ...
    • Growth Trajectories, Breast Size, and Breast-Tissue Composition in a British Prebirth Cohort of Young Women. 

      Denholm, R; De Stavola, B; Hipwell, JH; Doran, SJ; Busana, MC; Leach, MO; Hawkes, DJ; Dos-Santos-Silva, I (2018-06)
      Mammographic percent density, the proportion of fibroglandular tissue in the breast, is a strong risk factor for breast cancer, but its determinants in young women are unknown. We examined associations of magnetic resonance ...
    • gsSKAT: Rapid gene set analysis and multiple testing correction for rare-variant association studies using weighted linear kernels. 

      Larson, NB; McDonnell, S; Cannon Albright, L; Teerlink, C; Stanford, J; Ostrander, EA; Isaacs, WB; Xu, J; Cooney, KA; Lange, E; Schleutker, J; Carpten, JD; Powell, I; Bailey-Wilson, JE; Cussenot, O; Cancel-Tassin, G; Giles, GG; MacInnis, RJ; Maier, C; Whittemore, AS; Hsieh, C-L; Wiklund, F; Catalona, WJ; Foulkes, W; Mandal, D; Eeles, R; Kote-Jarai, Z; Ackerman, MJ; Olson, TM; Klein, CJ; Thibodeau, SN; Schaid, DJ (2017-05)
      Next-generation sequencing technologies have afforded unprecedented characterization of low-frequency and rare genetic variation. Due to low power for single-variant testing, aggregative methods are commonly used to combine ...
    • Guideline for PET/CT imaging of neuroendocrine neoplasms with <sup>68</sup>Ga-DOTA-conjugated somatostatin receptor targeting peptides and <sup>18</sup>F-DOPA. 

      Bozkurt, MF; Virgolini, I; Balogova, S; Beheshti, M; Rubello, D; Decristoforo, C; Ambrosini, V; Kjaer, A; Delgado-Bolton, R; Kunikowska, J; Oyen, WJG; Chiti, A; Giammarile, F; Sundin, A; Fanti, S (2017-08)
      Purpose & methods Neuroendocrine neoplasms are a heterogenous group of tumours, for which nuclear medicine plays an important role in the diagnostic work-up as well as in the targeted therapeutic options. This guideline ...
    • Guidelines for Acquisition, Interpretation, and Reporting of Whole-Body MRI in Myeloma: Myeloma Response Assessment and Diagnosis System (MY-RADS). 

      Messiou, C; Hillengass, J; Delorme, S; Lecouvet, FE; Moulopoulos, LA; Collins, DJ; Blackledge, MD; Abildgaard, N; Østergaard, B; Schlemmer, H-P; Landgren, O; Asmussen, JT; Kaiser, MF; Padhani, A (2019-04)
      Acknowledging the increasingly important role of whole-body MRI for directing patient care in myeloma, a multidisciplinary, international, and expert panel of radiologists, medical physicists, and hematologists with specific ...
    • Guidelines for Cleaning Transvaginal Ultrasound Transducers Between Patients. 

      Abramowicz, JS; Evans, DH; Fowlkes, JB; Maršal, K; terHaar, G; WFUMB Safety Committee (2017-05)
      The purpose of this article is to provide guidance regarding the cleaning and disinfection of transvaginal ultrasound probes. These recommendations are also applicable to transrectal probes.
    • Guilt, blame and responsibility: men's understanding of their role in the transmission of BRCA1/2 mutations within their family. 

      Hallowell, N; Arden-Jones, A; Eeles, R; Foster, C; Lucassen, A; Moynihan, C; Watson, M (2006-11)
      Men and women who have a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer may be offered a predictive genetic test to determine whether or not they carry the family specific BRCA1/2 mutation. The sons and daughters of mutation ...
    • Gustatory function following radiotherapy to the head and neck 

      Gunn, L (2021-11-30)
      An intact sense of taste provides pleasure, supports sustenance and alerts the body to potential toxins. Patients with head and neck (HNC) who undergo radiotherapy (RT) are at high risk of developing acute and late taste ...
    • Health-related quality of life around the time of diagnosis in patients with bladder cancer. 

      Yu, EY-W; Nekeman, D; Billingham, LJ; James, ND; Cheng, KK; Bryan, RT; Wesselius, A; Zeegers, MP (2019-12)
      Objectives To quantify the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with bladder cancer around the time of diagnosis and to test the hypotheses of a two-factor model for the HRQoL questionnaire QLQ-C30.Methods ...
    • Height and Body Mass Index as Modifiers of Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA1/2 Mutation Carriers: A Mendelian Randomization Study. 

      Qian, F; Wang, S; Mitchell, J; McGuffog, L; Barrowdale, D; Leslie, G; Oosterwijk, JC; Chung, WK; Evans, DG; Engel, C; Kast, K; Aalfs, CM; Adank, MA; Adlard, J; Agnarsson, BA; Aittomäki, K; Alducci, E; Andrulis, IL; Arun, BK; Ausems, MGEM; Azzollini, J; Barouk-Simonet, E; Barwell, J; Belotti, M; Benitez, J; Berger, A; Borg, A; Bradbury, AR; Brunet, J; Buys, SS; Caldes, T; Caligo, MA; Campbell, I; Caputo, SM; Chiquette, J; Claes, KBM; Margriet Collée, J; Couch, FJ; Coupier, I; Daly, MB; Davidson, R; Diez, O; Domchek, SM; Donaldson, A; Dorfling, CM; Eeles, R; Feliubadaló, L; Foretova, L; Fowler, J; Friedman, E; Frost, D; Ganz, PA; Garber, J; Garcia-Barberan, V; Glendon, G; Godwin, AK; Gómez Garcia, EB; Gronwald, J; Hahnen, E; Hamann, U; Henderson, A; Hendricks, CB; Hopper, JL; Hulick, PJ; Imyanitov, EN; Isaacs, C; Izatt, L; Izquierdo, Á; Jakubowska, A; Kaczmarek, K; Kang, E; Karlan, BY; Kets, CM; Kim, S-W; Kim, Z; Kwong, A; Laitman, Y; Lasset, C; Hyuk Lee, M; Won Lee, J; Lee, J; Lester, J; Lesueur, F; Loud, JT; Lubinski, J; Mebirouk, N; Meijers-Heijboer, HEJ; Meindl, A; Miller, A; Montagna, M; Mooij, TM; Morrison, PJ; Mouret-Fourme, E; Nathanson, KL; Neuhausen, SL; Nevanlinna, H; Niederacher, D; Nielsen, FC; Nussbaum, RL; Offit, K; Olah, E; Ong, K-R; Ottini, L; Park, SK; Peterlongo, P; Pfeiler, G; Phelan, CM; Poppe, B; Pradhan, N; Radice, P; Ramus, SJ; Rantala, J; Robson, M; Rodriguez, GC; Schmutzler, RK; Hutten Selkirk, CG; Shah, PD; Simard, J; Singer, CF; Sokolowska, J; Stoppa-Lyonnet, D; Sutter, C; Yen Tan, Y; Teixeira, RM; Teo, SH; Terry, MB; Thomassen, M; Tischkowitz, M; Toland, AE; Tucker, KM; Tung, N; van Asperen, CJ; van Engelen, K; van Rensburg, EJ; Wang-Gohrke, S; Wappenschmidt, B; Weitzel, JN; Yannoukakos, D; GEMO Study Collaborators; HEBON; EMBRACE; Greene, MH; Rookus, MA; Easton, DF; Chenevix-Trench, G; Antoniou, AC; Goldgar, DE; Olopade, OI; Rebbeck, TR; Huo, D (2019-04)
      Background BRCA1/2 mutations confer high lifetime risk of breast cancer, although other factors may modify this risk. Whether height or body mass index (BMI) modifies breast cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers remains ...
    • Height, selected genetic markers and prostate cancer risk: results from the PRACTICAL consortium. 

      Lophatananon, A; Stewart-Brown, S; Kote-Jarai, Z; Olama, AAA; Garcia, SB; Neal, DE; Hamdy, FC; Donovan, JL; Giles, GG; Fitzgerald, LM; Southey, MC; Pharoah, P; Pashayan, N; Gronberg, H; Wiklund, F; Aly, M; Stanford, JL; Brenner, H; Dieffenbach, AK; Arndt, V; Park, JY; Lin, H-Y; Sellers, T; Slavov, C; Kaneva, R; Mitev, V; Batra, J; Spurdle, A; Clements, JA; APCB BioResource; PRACTICAL consortium; Easton, D; Eeles, RA; Muir, K (2017-08)
      Background Evidence on height and prostate cancer risk is mixed, however, recent studies with large data sets support a possible role for its association with the risk of aggressive prostate cancer.Methods We analysed data ...