Now showing items 1-10 of 53
Mechanism of selective recruitment of RNA polymerases II and III to snRNA gene promoters.
RNA polymerase II (Pol II) small nuclear RNA (snRNA) promoters and type 3 Pol III promoters have highly similar structures; both contain an interchangeable enhancer and "proximal sequence element" (PSE), which recruits the ...
Evaluation of APOBEC3B Recognition Motifs by NMR Reveals Preferred Substrates.
APOBEC3B (A3B) deamination activity on ssDNA is considered a contributing factor to tumor heterogeneity and drug resistance in a number of human cancers. Despite its clinical impact, little is known about A3B ssDNA substrate ...
Structural rearrangements of the RNA polymerase III machinery during tRNA transcription initiation.
RNA polymerase III catalyses the synthesis of tRNAs in eukaryotic organisms. Through combined biochemical and structural characterisation, multiple auxiliary factors have been identified alongside RNA Polymerase III as ...
RNA polymerase I, bending the rules?
Structural Basis for Auto-Inhibition of the NDR1 Kinase Domain by an Atypically Long Activation Segment.
The human NDR family kinases control diverse aspects of cell growth, and are regulated through phosphorylation and association with scaffolds such as MOB1. Here, we report the crystal structure of the human NDR1 kinase ...
Structure-based drug design: aiming for a perfect fit.
Knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of therapeutically relevant targets has informed drug discovery since the first protein structures were determined using X-ray crystallography in the 1950s and 1960s. In this ...
Identifying and Validating Tankyrase Binders and Substrates: A Candidate Approach.
The poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) enzyme tankyrase (TNKS/ARTD5, TNKS2/ARTD6) uses its ankyrin repeat clusters (ARCs) to recognize degenerate peptide motifs in a wide range of proteins, thereby recruiting such proteins ...
Molecular mechanisms of Bdp1 in TFIIIB assembly and RNA polymerase III transcription initiation.
Initiation of gene transcription by RNA polymerase (Pol) III requires the activity of TFIIIB, a complex formed by Brf1 (or Brf2), TBP (TATA-binding protein), and Bdp1. TFIIIB is required for recruitment of Pol III and to ...
Alternative catalytic residues in the active site of Esco acetyltransferases.
Cohesin is a protein complex whose core subunits, Smc1, Smc3, Scc1, and SA1/SA2 form a ring-like structure encircling the DNA. Cohesins play a key role in the expression, repair, and segregation of eukaryotic genomes. ...
RavN is a member of a previously unrecognized group of Legionella pneumophila E3 ubiquitin ligases.
The eukaryotic ubiquitylation machinery catalyzes the covalent attachment of the small protein modifier ubiquitin to cellular target proteins in order to alter their fate. Microbial pathogens exploit this post-translational ...