A Phase 1, open-label, multicentre study to compare the capsule and tablet formulations of AZD5363 and explore the effect of food on the pharmacokinetic exposure, safety and tolerability of AZD5363 in patients with advanced solid malignancies: OAK.
van Brummelen, E
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PURPOSE:AZD5363 is a potent pan-AKT inhibitor originally formulated as a capsule; a tablet was developed for patient convenience and manufacturing ease. This study assessed the PK comparability of both formulations (Part A) and the effect of food (Part B) on the PK/safety of the tablet. METHODS:Adults with advanced solid tumours received AZD5363 480 mg bid in a partially fasted state by tablet (Week 1) and capsule (Week 2) in a '4-days-on/3-days-off' schedule (Part A). PK parameters were evaluated using pre-defined 90% CIs for AUCτ and Cmax ratios of 0.75-1.33 to assess comparability. In Part B, AZD5363 tablet was given to a new cohort of patients under the same conditions as Part A, except on the morning of PK assessment days, when it was administered after an overnight fast (Week 1) and standard meal (Week 2). RESULTS:In evaluable patients (N = 11), the geometric least-squares mean ratios (tablet:capsule) for AUCτ and Cmax were 0.90 (0.77-1.06) and 1.02 (0.86-1.20), respectively, demonstrating comparable PK in the partially fasted state. Tablet and capsule safety data were also comparable. Tablet PK profiles indicated later tmax and lower Cmax after food versus overnight fast. Fed and fasted AUCτ and Cmax ratios were 0.89 (0.76-1.05) and 0.67 (0.55-0.82), respectively (N = 9). The safety/tolerability profile of the tablet was comparable between fed and fasted states. CONCLUSIONS:PK and safety/tolerability of AZD5363 tablet and capsule were comparable. Food did not affect the bioavailability of AZD5363, but reduced the absorption rate without discernibly affecting safety/tolerability.
Clinical Pharmacology – Adaptive Therapy
Medicine Drug Development Unit (de Bono)
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Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, 2018, 81 (5), pp. 873 - 883