Target-based therapeutic matching of phase I trials in patients with metastatic breast cancer in a tertiary referral centre.
de Bono, JS
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BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of the molecular classification of breast cancer has permitted the development of rational drug design strategies. In a phase I clinical trial setting, molecular profiling with next-generation sequencing of individual tumour samples has been employed to guide treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective evaluation of clinical outcomes of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) treated in phase I clinical trials at our institution to assess the benefit of molecularly matched compared to non-matched treatments. RESULTS: A total of 97 consecutive patients with MBC were enrolled onto ≥1 trial between 2009 and 2015. Fourteen patients participated in multiple trials, and a total of 113 trial encounters were reviewed in this retrospective study. Eighty-three percent of patients with molecular data available were able to participate in trials matched to molecular aberrations. Patients who were treated on matched studies had improved clinical benefit (RR: 1.80, p = 0.005), progression-free (HR: 0.52, p = 0.003) and overall survival (HR: 0.54, p < 0.001). Treatment was well tolerated with low rates of treatment discontinuation for toxicity (8% overall) that did not differ between groups. No toxicity-related deaths were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Molecular profiling for MBC patients in a phase I setting is feasible and aids therapeutic decisions with improved patient outcomes.
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Aged, 80 and over
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Clinical Trials, Phase I as Topic
Molecular Targeted Therapy
Tertiary Care Centers
Medicine (de Bono Prostate)
Clinical Pharmacology – Adaptive Therapy
Medicine Drug Development Unit (de Bono)
Prostate Cancer Targeted Therapy Group
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Br J Cancer, 2018, 119 (8), pp. 922 - 927