A phase I study to assess afatinib in combination with carboplatin or with carboplatin plus paclitaxel in patients with advanced solid tumors.
de Bono, J
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PURPOSE:Afatinib, an irreversible ErbB family blocker, has demonstrated preclinical antitumor activity with chemotherapy. METHODS:As part of a phase I trial in patients with advanced solid tumors (NCT00809133; 3 + 3 dose-escalation design), we determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of afatinib with carboplatin (A/C) or with carboplatin plus paclitaxel (A/C/P). Starting doses: afatinib 20 mg/day, carboplatin AUC6 (A/C) with paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 (A/C/P) (chemotherapy: Day 1 of 21-day cycles). The primary objective was to determine the MTDs; safety, pharmacokinetics and antitumor activity were also evaluated. RESULTS:Thirty-eight patients received A/C (n = 12) or A/C/P (n = 26). No dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were reported with A(20 mg)/C(AUC6). One patient experienced DLT in the A(40 mg)/C(AUC6) cohort (grade 3 acneiform rash); A(40 mg)/C(AUC6) was determined as the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) for A/C. Two patients each had DLTs with A(20 mg/day)/C(AUC6)/P(175 mg/m2): fatigue, infection, diarrhea, small intestine hemorrhage, dehydration, renal impairment, neutropenic sepsis (n = 1), mucositis (n = 1); A(40 mg)/C(AUC5)/P(175 mg/m2): febrile neutropenia (n = 1), mucositis, fatigue (n = 1); and A(30 mg)/C(AUC5)/P(175 mg/m2): stomatitis (n = 1), mucositis (n = 1). No DLT was observed with A(20 mg)/C(AUC5)/P(175 mg/m2), determined as the RP2D for A/C/P. The most frequent drug-related adverse events were (A/C; A/C/P): rash (75%; 73%), fatigue (67%; 69%), and diarrhea (58%; 88%). Drug plasma concentrations were similar between cycles, suggesting no drug-drug interactions. Objective response rates in these heavily pretreated patients were A/C, 3/12 (25%); A/C/P, 5/26 (19%). CONCLUSIONS:Afatinib 40 mg/day (approved monotherapy dose) with carboplatin AUC6, and afatinib 20 mg/day with carboplatin AUC5 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 demonstrated manageable safety and antitumor activity. Afatinib > 20 mg/day in the triple combination was not well tolerated.
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Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Drug Administration Schedule
Maximum Tolerated Dose
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Medicine Drug Development Unit (de Bono)
Prostate Cancer Targeted Therapy Group
Treatment of thoracic tumours
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Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, 2018, 82 (5), pp. 757 - 766