Capivasertib, an AKT Kinase Inhibitor, as Monotherapy or in Combination With Fulvestrant in Patients With AKT1 E17K-Mutant, ER-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer.
de Bruin, EC
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PURPOSE:The activating mutation AKT1 E17K occurs in ~7% of ER+ metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We report, from a multipart, first-in-human, Phase I study (NCT01226316), tolerability and activity of capivasertib, an oral AKT inhibitor, as monotherapy or combined with fulvestrant in expansion cohorts of AKT1 E17K-mutant ER+ MBC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Patients with an AKT1 E17K mutation, detected by local (NGS) or central (plasma-based BEAMing) testing, received capivasertib 480 mg bid, 4 days on, 3 days off, weekly or 400 mg bid combined with fulvestrant at the labeled dose. Study endpoints included safety, objective response rate (ORR; RECIST v1.1), progression-free survival (PFS) and clinical benefit rate at 24 weeks (CBR24). Biomarker analyses were conducted in the combination cohort. RESULTS:From October 2013 to August 2018, 63 heavily pretreated patients received capivasertib (20 monotherapy, 43 combination). ORR was 20% with monotherapy, and within the combination cohort was 36% in fulvestrant-pretreated and 20% in fulvestrant-naïve patients, although this latter group may have had more aggressive disease at baseline. AKT1 E17K mutations were detectable in plasma by BEAMing (95%, 41/43), ddPCR (80%, 33/41) and NGS (76%, 31/41). A 50% decrease in AKT1 E17K at cycle 2 day 1 was associated with improved PFS. Combination therapy appeared more tolerable than monotherapy (most frequent grade ≥3 adverse events: rash [9% vs 20%], hyperglycemia [5% vs 30%], diarrhea [5% vs 10%]). CONCLUSIONS:Capivasertib demonstrated clinically meaningful activity in heavily pretreated AKT1 E17K-mutant ER+ MBC patients, including those with prior disease progression on fulvestrant. Tolerability and activity appeared improved by the combination.
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Clinical Pharmacology – Adaptive Therapy
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Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 2020