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dc.contributor.authorSoady, KJen_US
dc.contributor.authorKendrick, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorGao, Qen_US
dc.contributor.authorTutt, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorZvelebil, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorOrdonez, LDen_US
dc.contributor.authorQuist, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorTan, DW-Men_US
dc.contributor.authorIsacke, CMen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrigoriadis, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmalley, MJen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-28T14:14:25Z
dc.date.issued2015-03-04en_US
dc.identifier.citationBreast cancer research : BCR, 2015, 17 pp. 31 - ?en_US
dc.identifier.issn1465-5411en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.icr.ac.uk/handle/internal/3889
dc.identifier.eissn1465-542Xen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s13058-015-0539-6en_US
dc.description.abstractTriple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous group of tumours in which chemotherapy, the current mainstay of systemic treatment, is often initially beneficial but with a high risk of relapse and metastasis. There is currently no means of predicting which TNBC will relapse. We tested the hypothesis that the biological properties of normal stem cells are re-activated in tumour metastasis and that, therefore, the activation of normal mammary stem cell-associated gene sets in primary TNBC would be highly prognostic for relapse and metastasis.Mammary basal stem and myoepithelial cells were isolated by flow cytometry and tested in low-dose transplant assays. Gene expression microarrays were used to establish expression profiles of the stem and myoepithelial populations; these were compared to each other and to our previously established mammary epithelial gene expression profiles. Stem cell genes were classified by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and the expression of a subset analysed in the stem cell population at single cell resolution. Activation of stem cell genes was interrogated across different breast cancer cohorts and within specific subtypes and tested for clinical prognostic power.A set of 323 genes was identified that was expressed significantly more highly in the purified basal stem cells compared to all other cells of the mammary epithelium. A total of 109 out of 323 genes had been associated with stem cell features in at least one other study in addition to our own, providing further support for their involvement in the biology of this cell type. GO analysis demonstrated an enrichment of these genes for an association with cell migration, cytoskeletal regulation and tissue morphogenesis, consistent with a role in invasion and metastasis. Single cell resolution analysis showed that individual cells co-expressed both epithelial- and mesenchymal-associated genes/proteins. Most strikingly, we demonstrated that strong activity of this stem cell gene set in TNBCs identified those tumours most likely to rapidly progress to metastasis.Our findings support the hypothesis that the biological properties of normal stem cells are drivers of metastasis and that these properties can be used to stratify patients with a highly heterogeneous disease such as TNBC.en_US
dc.formatElectronicen_US
dc.format.extent31 - ?en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.subjectMammary Glands, Animalen_US
dc.subjectEpithelial Cellsen_US
dc.subjectStem Cellsen_US
dc.subjectAnimalsen_US
dc.subjectHumansen_US
dc.subjectMiceen_US
dc.subjectNeoplasm Metastasisen_US
dc.subjectPrognosisen_US
dc.subjectDisease-Free Survivalen_US
dc.subjectCluster Analysisen_US
dc.subjectGene Expression Profilingen_US
dc.subjectImmunophenotypingen_US
dc.subjectGene Expression Regulation, Neoplasticen_US
dc.subjectPhenotypeen_US
dc.subjectFemaleen_US
dc.subjectSingle-Cell Analysisen_US
dc.subjectTranscriptomeen_US
dc.subjectTriple Negative Breast Neoplasmsen_US
dc.subjectBiomarkersen_US
dc.titleMouse mammary stem cells express prognostic markers for triple-negative breast cancer.en_US
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-02-18en_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1186/s13058-015-0539-6en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2015-03-04en_US
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfBreast cancer research : BCRen_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.organisational-group/ICR
pubs.organisational-group/ICR/Primary Group
pubs.organisational-group/ICR/Primary Group/ICR Divisions
pubs.organisational-group/ICR/Primary Group/ICR Divisions/Breast Cancer Research
pubs.organisational-group/ICR/Primary Group/ICR Divisions/Breast Cancer Research/Molecular Cell Biology
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
pubs.volume17en_US
pubs.embargo.termsNot knownen_US
icr.researchteamMolecular Cell Biologyen_US
dc.contributor.icrauthorIsacke, Clareen_US
dc.contributor.icrauthorTutt, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.icrauthorGao, Qiongen_US


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