Thorium-227-Labeled Anti-CD22 Antibody (BAY 1862864) in Relapsed/Refractory CD22-Positive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: A First-in-Human, Phase I Study.
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<b><i>Background:</i></b> BAY 1862864 is an α-particle emitting thorium-227-labeled CD22-targeting antibody. This first-in-human dose-escalation phase I study evaluated BAY 1862864 in patients with CD22-positive relapsed/refractory B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (R/R-NHL). <b><i>Materials and Methods:</i></b> BAY 1862864 intravenous injections were administered at the starting thorium-227 radioactivity dose of 1.5 MBq (2 or 10 mg antibody), and the radioactivity dose escalated in ∼1.5 MBq increments (10 mg antibody) until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was reported. The primary objective was to determine the safety, tolerability, and MTD. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Twenty-one patients received BAY 1862864. Two dose-limiting toxicities (grade 3 febrile neutropenia and grade 4 thrombocytopenia) were reported in one patient in the 4.6 MBq (10 mg antibody) cohort. The MTD was not reached. Ten (48%) patients reported grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events, with the most common being neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia, each occurring in 3 (14%) patients. Pharmacokinetics demonstrated the dose proportionality and stability of BAY 1862864 in the blood. The objective response rate (ORR) was 25% (5/21 patients) according to the LUGANO 2014 criteria, including 1 complete and 4 partial responses. The ORR was 11% (1/9) and 30% (3/10) in patients with relapsed high- and low-grade lymphomas, respectively. <b><i>Conclusions:</i></b> BAY 1862864 was safe and tolerated in patients with R/R-NHL. The Clinical Trial Registration numbers: NCT02581878 and EudraCT 2014-004140-36.
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Medicine (RMH Smith Cunningham)
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Cancer biotherapy & radiopharmaceuticals, 2021