A Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of AZD3965, an Oral Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 Inhibitor, in Patients with Advanced Cancer.
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PURPOSE: Inhibition of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1-mediated lactate transport may have cytostatic/cytotoxic effects on tumour cells. We report results from the dose-escalation part of a first‑in‑human trial of AZD3965, a first-in-class MCT1 inhibitor, in advanced cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This multicentre, Phase 1, dose-escalation and dose-expansion trial enrolled patients with advanced solid tumours or lymphoma and no standard therapy options. Exclusion criteria included history of retinal/cardiac disease, due to MCT1 expression in the eye and heart. Patients received daily oral AZD3965 according to a 3+3 then rolling 6 design. Primary objectives were to assess safety and determine the maximum tolerated dose and/or recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D). Secondary objectives for dose-escalation included measurement of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic activity. Exploratory biomarkers included tumour expression of MCT1 and MCT4, functional imaging of biological impact and metabolomics. RESULTS: During dose-escalation, 40 patients received AZD3965 at 5-30 mg once daily or 10 or 15 mg twice daily (BD). Treatment‑emergent adverse events were primarily Grade 1/2, most commonly electroretinogram changes (retinopathy), fatigue, anorexia and constipation. Seven patients receiving ≥20 mg daily experienced dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs): Grade 3 cardiac troponin rise (n=1), asymptomatic ocular DLTs (n=5) and Grade 3 acidosis (n=1). Plasma pharmacokinetics demonstrated attainment of target concentrations; pharmacodynamic measurements indicated on‑target activity. CONCLUSIONS: AZD3965 is tolerated at doses that produce target engagement. DLTs were on-target and primarily dose-dependent, asymptomatic, reversible ocular changes. An RP2D of 10 mg BD was established for use in dose-expansion in cancers that generally express high MCT1/low MCT4 (not yet published).
RMH Honorary Faculty
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Clinical Cancer Research, 2023, pp. CCR-22-2263 -
American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)