Ripretinib for the treatment of adult patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
MetadataShow full item record
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Imatinib mesylate revolutionized the management of advanced/metastatic GIST, and remains the standard first-line therapy in this setting. Upon development of secondary resistance, sunitinib and regorafenib are used as subsequent treatments, although clinical benefit is often non-durable. Ripretinib is a type II kinase inhibitor targeting KIT and PDGFRA mutations and resistance through switching active I and inactive II forms. AREAS COVERED: This drug profile article provides an overview of the current state of the art treatment algorithm for advanced/metastatic GIST, focusing on the role of ripretinib in the fourth-line setting as defined by currently available clinical trials evidence. The mechanism of action, the safety profile, efficacy, and clinical application of ripretinib are presented. In addition, the Phase I study (NCT02571036) through which the optimal dose was established and the Phase III trials that assessed the efficacy and safety of ripretinib as fourth- (INVICTUS) and second-line treatment (INTRIGUE) are presented. EXPERT OPINION: Ripretinib is a safe and an effective therapy for the fourth-line setting in advanced/metastatic GIST. Future studies should evaluate combination schedules and the identification of markers predictive of benefit from ripretinib.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
License start date
Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2023, 17 (2), pp. 119 - 127
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD