Health Utility Analysis of Tepotinib in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Harboring MET Exon 14 Skipping.
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OBJECTIVES: The VISION trial showed durable activity of tepotinib in MET exon 14 (METex14) skipping non-small cell lung cancer. We analyzed health state utilities using patient-reported outcomes from VISION. METHODS: 5-level version of EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 responses were collected at baseline, every 6 to 12 weeks during treatment, and at the end of treatment and safety follow-up. EQ-5D-5L and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Utility Measure-Core 10 Dimensions (QLU-C10D) utilities were derived using United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Taiwan value sets, where available. Utilities were analyzed with linear mixed models including covariates for progression or time-to-death (TTD). RESULTS: Utilities were derived for 273/291 patients (EQ-5D-5L, 1545 observations; QLU-C10D, 1546 observations). Mean (± SD) US EQ-5D-5L utilities increased after tepotinib initiation, from 0.687 ± 0.287 at baseline to 0.754 ± 0.250 before independently assessed progression, and decreased post progression (0.704 ± 0.288). US QLU-C10D utilities showed similar trends (0.705 ± 0.215, 0.753 ± 0.195, and 0.708 ± 0.209, respectively). Progression-based models demonstrated a statistically significant impact of progression on utilities and predicted higher utilities pre versus post progression. TTD-based models showed statistically significant associations of TTD with utilities and predicted declining utilities as TTD decreased. Prior treatment (yes/no) did not significantly predict utilities in progression- or TTD-based models. Utilities for Canada, United Kingdom, and Taiwan showed comparable trends. CONCLUSIONS: In this first analysis of health state utilities in patients with METex14 skipping non-small cell lung cancer, who received tepotinib, utilities were significantly associated with progression and TTD, but not prior treatment.
MET exon 14 skipping
health state utilities
non-small cell lung cancer
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Value in Health, 2023, pp. S1098-3015(23)00056-6 -