Lysine-Targeting Covalent Inhibitors.
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Targeted covalent inhibitors have gained widespread attention in drug discovery as a validated method to circumvent acquired resistance in oncology. This strategy exploits small-molecule/protein crystal structures to design tightly binding ligands with appropriately positioned electrophilic warheads. Whilst most focus has been on targeting binding-site cysteine residues, targeting nucleophilic lysine residues can also represent a viable approach to irreversible inhibition. However, owing to the basicity of the ϵ-amino group in lysine, this strategy generates a number of specific challenges. Herein, we review the key principles for inhibitor design, give historical examples, and present recent developments that demonstrate the potential of lysine targeting for future drug discovery.
The Institute of Cancer Research (Grant ID: Unspecified)
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Medicinal Chemistry 3
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Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 2017, 56 (48), pp. 15200 - 15209