The selection process can improve the outcome in locally advanced and recurrent colorectal cancer: activity and results of a dedicated multidisciplinary colorectal cancer centre.
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<h4>Aim</h4>There is wide disparity in the care of patients with multivisceral involvement of rectal cancer. The results are presented of treatment of advanced and recurrent colorectal cancer from a centre where a dedicated multidisciplinary team (MDT) is central to the management.<h4>Method</h4>All consecutive MDT referrals between 2010 and 2014 were examined. Analysis was undertaken of the referral pathway, site, selection process, management decision, R0 resection rate, mortality/morbidity/Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification of morbidity, length of stay (LOS) and improvement of quality of life.<h4>Results</h4>There were 954 referrals. These included locally advanced primary rectal cancer (LAPRC b-TME) (39.0%), rectal recurrence (RR) (22.0%), locally advanced primary colon cancer (LAPCC T3c/d-T4) (21.1%), colon cancer recurrence (CR) (12.4%), locally advanced primary anal cancer (LAPAC-failure of CRT/T3c/d-T4) (3.0%) and anal cancer recurrence (AR) (2.2%). Among these patients 271 operations were performed, 212 primary and 59 for recurrence. These included 16 sacrectomies, 134 total pelvic exenterations and 121 other multi-visceral exenterative procedures. An R0 resection (no microscopic margin involvement) was achieved in 94.4% and R1 (microscopic margin involvement) in 5.1%. In LAPRC b-TME the R0 rate was 96.1% and for RR it was 79%. The LOS varied from 13.3 to 19.9 days. RR operations had the highest morbidity (CD 1-2, 33.3%) and LAPRC operations had the highest rate of CD 3-4 complications (18.4%). Most (39.6%) of the referred patients were from other UK hospitals.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Advanced colorectal cancer can be successfully treated in a dedicated referral centre, achieving R0 resection in over 90% with low morbidity and mortality. Implementation of a standardized referral pathway is encouraged.
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Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Quality of Life
Referral and Consultation
Patient Care Team
Medicine (RMH Smith Cunningham)
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Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland, 2017, 19 (4), pp. 331 - 338