Adaptive Radiotherapy Enabled by MRI Guidance.
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Adaptive radiotherapy (ART) strategies systematically monitor variations in target and neighbouring structures to inform treatment-plan modification during radiotherapy. This is necessary because a single plan designed before treatment is insufficient to capture the actual dose delivered to the target and adjacent critical structures during the course of radiotherapy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides superior soft-tissue image contrast over current standard X-ray-based technologies without additional radiation exposure. With integrated MRI and radiotherapy platforms permitting motion monitoring during treatment delivery, it is possible that adaption can be informed by real-time anatomical imaging. This allows greater treatment accuracy in terms of dose delivered to target with smaller, individualised treatment margins. The use of functional MRI sequences would permit ART to be informed by imaging biomarkers, so allowing both personalised geometric and biological adaption. In this review, we discuss ART solutions enabled by MRI guidance and its potential gains for our patients across tumour types.
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magnetic resonance imaging
Clinical Academic Radiotherapy (Huddart)
Radiotherapy Physics Modelling
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Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol), 2018, 30 (11), pp. 711 - 719