A Polyvinyl Alcohol-Based Thermochromic Material for Ultrasound Therapy Phantoms.
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Temperature estimation is a fundamental step in assessment of the efficacy of thermal therapy. A thermochromic material sensitive within the temperature range 52.5°C-75°C has been developed. The material is based on polyvinyl alcohol cryogel with the addition of a commercial thermochromic ink. It is simple to manufacture, low cost, non-toxic and versatile. The thermal response of the material was evaluated using multiple methods, including immersion in a temperature-controlled water bath, a temperature-controlled heated needle and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) sonication. Changes in colour were evaluated using both RGB (red, green, blue) maps and pixel intensities. Acoustic and thermal properties of the material were measured. Thermo-acoustic simulations were run with an open-source software, and results were compared with the HIFU experiments, showing good agreement. The material has good potential for the development of ultrasound therapy phantoms.
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Ultrasound in medicine & biology, 2020, 46 (11), pp. 3135 - 3144