Radiological Biomarkers in MRI directed Rectal Cancer Radiotherapy Volume Delineation.
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Our study evaluated whether an MRI reporting system highlighting areas of contiguous and discontinuous extramural venous invasion (EMVI) can improve the accuracy of gross tumour volume (GTV) delineation. Initially, 27 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated between 2012 and 2014 were evaluated. We used an MRI reporting proforma that documented the position of the primary tumour, lymph nodes and EMVI. The new GTVs delineated were compared with historical radiotherapy treatment volumes to identify the frequency of GTV geographical miss. We observed that the delineation of involved nodes and areas of EMVI was more likely to represent sources of uncertainty wherein nodal GTV geographical miss was evident in 5 out of 27 patients (19%). Complete EMVI GTV geographical miss occurred in two patients (7%). We re-evaluated our radiotherapy practice in a further 27 patients after the implementation of a modified MRI reporting system. An improvement was seen; nodal miss was observed in two patients (7%) and partial EMVI miss in one patient (4%), although these areas were encompassed in the planning target volume (PTV). Our study shows that extramural venous invasion and involved nodes need to be highlighted on MRI to improve the accuracy of rectal cancer GTV delineation.
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Cancers, 2023, 15 (21), pp. 5176 - 5176