Acute tumour response to a bispecific Ang-2-VEGF-A antibody: insights from multiparametric MRI and gene expression profiling.
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<h4>Background</h4>To assess antivascular effects, and evaluate clinically translatable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) biomarkers of tumour response in vivo, following treatment with vanucizumab, a bispecific human antibody against angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A).<h4>Methods</h4>Colo205 colon cancer xenografts were imaged before and 5 days after treatment with a single 10 mg kg(-1) dose of either vanucizumab, bevacizumab (anti-human VEGF-A), LC06 (anti-murine/human Ang-2) or omalizumab (anti-human IgE control). Volumetric response was assessed using T2-weighted MRI, and diffusion-weighted, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) and susceptibility contrast MRI used to quantify tumour water diffusivity (apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), × 10(6) mm(2) s(-1)), vascular perfusion/permeability (K(trans), min(-1)) and fractional blood volume (fBV, %) respectively. Pathological correlates were sought, and preliminary gene expression profiling performed.<h4>Results</h4>Treatment with vanucizumab, bevacizumab or LC06 induced a significant (P<0.01) cytolentic response compared with control. There was no significant change in tumour ADC in any treatment group. Uptake of Gd-DTPA was restricted to the tumour periphery in all post-treatment groups. A significant reduction in tumour K(trans) (P<0.05) and fBV (P<0.01) was determined 5 days after treatment with vanucizumab only. This was associated with a significant (P<0.05) reduction in Hoechst 33342 uptake compared with control. Gene expression profiling identified 20 human genes exclusively regulated by vanucizumab, 6 of which are known to be involved in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Vanucizumab is a promising antitumour and antiangiogenic treatment, whose antivascular activity can be monitored using DCE and susceptibility contrast MRI. Differential gene expression in vanucizumab-treated tumours is regulated by the combined effect of Ang-2 and VEGF-A inhibition.
Open access locationhttp://www.nature.com/bjc/journal/vaop/ncurrent/pdf/bjc2016236a.pdf
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Cell Line, Tumor
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Gene Expression Profiling
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Molecular Targeted Therapy
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
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British journal of cancer, 2016, 115 (6), pp. 691 - 702