Identification of highly penetrant Rb-related synthetic lethal interactions in triple negative breast cancer.
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Although defects in the RB1 tumour suppressor are one of the more common driver alterations found in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), therapeutic approaches that exploit this have not been identified. By integrating molecular profiling data with data from multiple genetic perturbation screens, we identified candidate synthetic lethal (SL) interactions associated with RB1 defects in TNBC. We refined this analysis by identifying the highly penetrant effects, reasoning that these would be more robust in the face of molecular heterogeneity and would represent more promising therapeutic targets. A significant proportion of the highly penetrant RB1 SL effects involved proteins closely associated with RB1 function, suggesting that this might be a defining characteristic. These included nuclear pore complex components associated with the MAD2 spindle checkpoint protein, the kinase and bromodomain containing transcription factor TAF1, and multiple components of the SCF<sup>SKP</sup> Cullin F box containing complex. Small-molecule inhibition of SCF<sup>SKP</sup> elicited an increase in p27<sup>Kip</sup> levels, providing a mechanistic rationale for RB1 SL. Transcript expression of SKP2, a SCF<sup>SKP</sup> component, was elevated in RB1-defective TNBCs, suggesting that in these tumours, SKP2 activity might buffer the effects of RB1 dysfunction.
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Cell Line, Tumor
S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins
TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors
Transcription Factor TFIID
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Retinoblastoma Binding Proteins
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
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Oncogene, 2018, 37 (43), pp. 5701 - 5718
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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