Impact of Ga-68-PSMA PET/CT on management in prostate cancer patients with very early biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.
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<h4>Purpose</h4>With the availability of ultra-sensitive PSA assays, early biochemical relapse (eBCR) of prostate cancer is increasingly being detected at values much lower than the conventional threshold of 0.2 ng/ml. Accurate localisation of disease in this setting may allow treatment modification and improved outcomes, especially in patients with pelvis-confined or extra-pelvic oligometastasis (defined as up to three pelvic nodal or distant sites). We aimed to measure the detection rate of Ga-PSMA-HBNED-CC (PSMA)-PET/CT and its influence on patient management in eBCR of prostate cancer following radical prostatectomy (RP).<h4>Methods</h4>We retrospectively identified 28 patients who underwent PSMA-PET/CT for post-RP eBCR (PSA < 0.5 ng/ml) at our tertiary care cancer centre. Two nuclear medicine physicians independently recorded the sites of PSMA-PET/CT positivity. Multidisciplinary meeting records were accessed to determine changes in management decisions following PSMA-PET/CT scans.<h4>Results</h4>The mean age of patients was 65.6 years (range: 50-76.2 years); median PSA was 0.22 ng/ml (interquartile range: 0.15 ng/ml to 0.34 ng/ml). Thirteen patients (46.4%) had received radiotherapy in the past. PSMA-PET/CT was positive in 17 patients (60.7%). Only one patient had polymetastasis (> 3 sites); the remainder either had prostatectomy bed recurrence (n = 2), pelvic oligometastasis (n = 10), or extra-pelvic oligometastasis (n = 4). PSMA-PET/CT resulted in management change in 12 patients (42.8%), involving stereotactic body radiotherapy (n = 6), salvage radiotherapy (n = 4), and systemic treatment (n = 2).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Our findings show that PSMA-PET/CT has a high detection rate in the eBCR setting following RP, with a large proportion of patients found to have fewer than three lesions. PSMA-PET/CT may be of value in patients with early PSA failure, and impact on the choice of potentially curative salvage treatments.
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Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
Clinical Academic Radiotherapy (Dearnaley)
Translational Molecular Imaging
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European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 2019, 46 (4), pp. 901 - 907