Functionally Null <i>RAD51D</i> Missense Mutation Associates Strongly with Ovarian Carcinoma.
Di Iorio, M
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RAD51D is a key player in DNA repair by homologous recombination (HR), and <i>RAD51D</i> truncating variant carriers have an increased risk for ovarian cancer. However, the contribution of nontruncating <i>RAD51D</i> variants to cancer predisposition remains uncertain. Using deep sequencing and case-control genotyping studies, we show that in French Canadians, the missense <i>RAD51D</i> variant c.620C>T;p.S207L is highly prevalent and is associated with a significantly increased risk for ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC; 3.8% cases vs. 0.2% controls). The frequency of the p.S207L variant did not significantly differ from that of controls in breast, endometrial, pancreas, or colorectal adenocarcinomas. Functionally, we show that this mutation impairs HR by disrupting the RAD51D-XRCC2 interaction and confers PARP inhibitor sensitivity. These results highlight the importance of a functional RAD51D-XRCC2 interaction to promote HR and prevent the development of HGSC. This study identifies c.620C>T;p.S207L as the first bona fide pathogenic <i>RAD51D</i> missense cancer susceptibility allele and supports the use of targeted PARP-inhibitor therapies in ovarian cancer patients carrying deleterious missense <i>RAD51D</i> variants. <i>Cancer Res; 77(16); 4517-29. ©2017 AACR</i>.
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Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
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Cancer research, 2017, 77 (16), pp. 4517 - 4529