Repeatability and reproducibility of apparent diffusion coefficient and fat fraction measurement of focal myeloma lesions on whole body magnetic resonance imaging.
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<h4>Objective</h4>To assess intra- and inter-reader variability of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fat fraction (FF) measurement in focal myeloma bone lesions and the influence of lesion size.<h4>Methods</h4>22 myeloma patients with focal active disease on whole body MRI were included. Two readers outlined a small (5-10 mm) and large lesion (>10 mm) in each subject on derived ADC and FF maps; one reader performed this twice. Intra- and inter-reader agreement for small and large lesion groups were calculated for derived statistics from each map using within-subject standard deviation, coefficient of variation, interclass correlation coefficient measures, and visualized with Bland-Altman plots.<h4>Results</h4>For mean ADC, intra- and inter-reader repeatability demonstrated equivalently low coefficient of variation (3.0-3.6%) and excellent interclass correlation coefficient (0.975-0.982) for both small and large lesions. For mean FF, intra- and inter-reader repeatability was significantly poorer for small lesions compared to large lesions (intra-reader within-subject standard variation estimate is 2.7 times higher for small lesions than large lesions (<i>p</i> = 0.0071), and for inter-reader variations is 3.8 times higher (<i>p</i> = 0.0070)).<h4>Conclusion</h4>There is excellent intra- and inter-reader agreement for mean ADC estimates, even for lesions as small as 5 mm. For FF measurements, there is a significant increase in coefficient of variation for smaller lesions, suggesting lesions >10 mm should be selected for lesion FF measurement.<h4>Advances in knowledge</h4>ADC measurements of focal myeloma have excellent intra- and inter-reader agreement. FF measurements are more susceptible to lesion size as intra- and inter-reader agreement is significantly impaired in lesions less than 10 mm.
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The British journal of radiology, 2021, 94 (1120), pp. 20200682 - ?