KIT-Associated Familial GIST Syndrome: Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors and Implications for Risk Management.
MetadataShow full item record
Sporadic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare tumors, with a median age at diagnosis of 60 years. Familial GISTs are very rare and typically associated with earlier onset, with an average age at diagnosis of 48 years. To date, just over 50 familial cases associated with a germline variant KIT or PDGFRa genes have been published. Therefore, there are many challenges in managing these patients, including the timing of starting systemic treatment, considering that most patients have been asymptomatic for a long period before being diagnosed, as well as the choice of tyrosine kinase inhibitor and the plan for surveillance. It is uncertain if early diagnosis through screening of asymptomatic individuals improves overall survival. Screening could start from the age of 18 years but may be considered at earlier ages depending on the underlying genotype and family history. The long-term benefit of early diagnosis or palliative/prophylactic treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is unknown as there are no data available. Long-term side effects of treatment with imatinib are rare but well documented and could be damaging in patients who have no or minimal disease. We present the case of a 53-year-old Caucasian patient who was diagnosed with multifocal GIST and subsequently found to be a carrier of a pathogenic germline KIT variant in exon 11. We discuss the implication of treatment and genetic testing in this case and in familial KIT associated GISTs.
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
Cancer Genetics Edu&Qual
License start date
The Oncologist, 2022, 27 (8), pp. 615 - 620
OXFORD UNIV PRESS