Now showing items 1-20 of 444

    • 12 new susceptibility loci for prostate cancer identified by genome-wide association study in Japanese population. 

      Takata, R; Takahashi, A; Fujita, M; Momozawa, Y; Saunders, EJ; Yamada, H; Maejima, K; Nakano, K; Nishida, Y; Hishida, A; Matsuo, K; Wakai, K; Yamaji, T; Sawada, N; Iwasaki, M; Tsugane, S; Sasaki, M; Shimizu, A; Tanno, K; Minegishi, N; Suzuki, K; Matsuda, K; Kubo, M; Inazawa, J; Egawa, S; Haiman, CA; Ogawa, O; Obara, W; Kamatani, Y; Akamatsu, S; Nakagawa, H (2019-09-27)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified ~170 genetic loci associated with prostate cancer (PCa) risk, but most of them were identified in European populations. We here performed a GWAS and replication study ...
    • AA9int: SNP interaction pattern search using non-hierarchical additive model set. 

      Lin, H-Y; Huang, P-Y; Chen, D-T; Tung, H-Y; Sellers, TA; Pow-Sang, JM; Eeles, R; Easton, D; Kote-Jarai, Z; Amin Al Olama, A; Benlloch, S; Muir, K; Giles, GG; Wiklund, F; Gronberg, H; Haiman, CA; Schleutker, J; Nordestgaard, BG; Travis, RC; Hamdy, F; Neal, DE; Pashayan, N; Khaw, K-T; Stanford, JL; Blot, WJ; Thibodeau, SN; Maier, C; Kibel, AS; Cybulski, C; Cannon-Albright, L; Brenner, H; Kaneva, R; Batra, J; Teixeira, MR; Pandha, H; Lu, Y-J; PRACTICAL Consortium; Park, JY (2018-12)
      <h4>Motivation</h4>The use of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) interactions to predict complex diseases is getting more attention during the past decade, but related statistical methods are still immature. We previously ...
    • Accountability in the NHS: the impact on cancer care. 

      Macklin-Doherty, A (2018-01)
      Accountability of service delivery is becoming increasingly complex and never has this been more apparent than in the field of Oncology. Cancer care has an unrivalled level of complexity not only in the heterogeneity of ...
    • Accurate clinical detection of exon copy number variants in a targeted NGS panel using DECoN. 

      Fowler, A; Mahamdallie, S; Ruark, E; Seal, S; Ramsay, E; Clarke, M; Uddin, I; Wylie, H; Strydom, A; Lunter, G; Rahman, N (2016-11-25)
      <b>Background:</b> Targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) panels are increasingly being used in clinical genomics to increase capacity, throughput and affordability of gene testing. Identifying whole exon deletions or ...
    • Actin-myosin-based contraction is responsible for apoptotic nuclear disintegration. 

      Croft, DR; Coleman, ML; Li, S; Robertson, D; Sullivan, T; Stewart, CL; Olson, MF (2005-01)
      Membrane blebbing during the apoptotic execution phase results from caspase-mediated cleavage and activation of ROCK I. Here, we show that ROCK activity, myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation, MLC ATPase activity, and ...
    • Adaptive immunity to SARS-CoV-2 in cancer patients: The CAPTURE study. 

      Au, L; Fendler, A; Boos, LA; Byrnes, F; Shepherd, S; Nicholson, E; Kumar, S; Yousaf, N; Wilkinson, K; Swerdlow, A; Harvey, R; Kassiotis, G; Wilkinson, R; Larkin, J; Turajlic, S (AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH, 2020-03-01)
    • Adult weight change and premenopausal breast cancer risk: A prospective pooled analysis of data from 628,463 women. 

      Schoemaker, MJ; Nichols, HB; Wright, LB; Brook, MN; Jones, ME; O'Brien, KM; Adami, H-O; Baglietto, L; Bernstein, L; Bertrand, KA; Boutron-Ruault, M-C; Chen, Y; Connor, AE; Dossus, L; Eliassen, AH; Giles, GG; Gram, IT; Hankinson, SE; Kaaks, R; Key, TJ; Kirsh, VA; Kitahara, CM; Larsson, SC; Linet, M; Ma, H; Milne, RL; Ozasa, K; Palmer, JR; Riboli, E; Rohan, TE; Sacerdote, C; Sadakane, A; Sund, M; Tamimi, RM; Trichopoulou, A; Ursin, G; Visvanathan, K; Weiderpass, E; Willett, WC; Wolk, A; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A; Sandler, DP; Swerdlow, AJ (2020-09)
      Early-adulthood body size is strongly inversely associated with risk of premenopausal breast cancer. It is unclear whether subsequent changes in weight affect risk. We pooled individual-level data from 17 prospective studies ...
    • Age- and Tumor Subtype-Specific Breast Cancer Risk Estimates for CHEK2*1100delC Carriers. 

      Schmidt, MK; Hogervorst, F; van Hien, R; Cornelissen, S; Broeks, A; Adank, MA; Meijers, H; Waisfisz, Q; Hollestelle, A; Schutte, M; van den Ouweland, A; Hooning, M; Andrulis, IL; Anton-Culver, H; Antonenkova, NN; Antoniou, AC; Arndt, V; Bermisheva, M; Bogdanova, NV; Bolla, MK; Brauch, H; Brenner, H; Brüning, T; Burwinkel, B; Chang-Claude, J; Chenevix-Trench, G; Couch, FJ; Cox, A; Cross, SS; Czene, K; Dunning, AM; Fasching, PA; Figueroa, J; Fletcher, O; Flyger, H; Galle, E; García-Closas, M; Giles, GG; Haeberle, L; Hall, P; Hillemanns, P; Hopper, JL; Jakubowska, A; John, EM; Jones, M; Khusnutdinova, E; Knight, JA; Kosma, V-M; Kristensen, V; Lee, A; Lindblom, A; Lubinski, J; Mannermaa, A; Margolin, S; Meindl, A; Milne, RL; Muranen, TA; Newcomb, PA; Offit, K; Park-Simon, T-W; Peto, J; Pharoah, PDP; Robson, M; Rudolph, A; Sawyer, EJ; Schmutzler, RK; Seynaeve, C; Soens, J; Southey, MC; Spurdle, AB; Surowy, H; Swerdlow, A; Tollenaar, RAEM; Tomlinson, I; Trentham-Dietz, A; Vachon, C; Wang, Q; Whittemore, AS; Ziogas, A; van der Kolk, L; Nevanlinna, H; Dörk, T; Bojesen, S; Easton, DF (2016-08)
      <h4>Purpose</h4>CHEK2*1100delC is a well-established breast cancer risk variant that is most prevalent in European populations; however, there are limited data on risk of breast cancer by age and tumor subtype, which limits ...
    • Age-specific genome-wide association study in glioblastoma identifies increased proportion of 'lower grade glioma'-like features associated with younger age. 

      Ostrom, QT; Kinnersley, B; Armstrong, G; Rice, T; Chen, Y; Wiencke, JK; McCoy, LS; Hansen, HM; Amos, CI; Bernstein, JL; Claus, EB; Eckel-Passow, JE; Il'yasova, D; Johansen, C; Lachance, DH; Lai, RK; Merrell, RT; Olson, SH; Sadetzki, S; Schildkraut, JM; Shete, S; Rubin, JB; Andersson, U; Rajaraman, P; Chanock, SJ; Linet, MS; Wang, Z; Yeager, M; GliomaScan consortium; Houlston, RS; Jenkins, RB; Wrensch, MR; Melin, B; Bondy, ML; Barnholtz-Sloan, JS (2018-11)
      Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant brain tumor in the United States. Incidence of GBM increases with age, and younger age-at-diagnosis is significantly associated with improved prognosis. While the relationship ...
    • Alcohol consumption and prostate cancer incidence and progression: A Mendelian randomisation study. 

      Brunner, C; Davies, NM; Martin, RM; Eeles, R; Easton, D; Kote-Jarai, Z; Al Olama, AA; Benlloch, S; Muir, K; Giles, G; Wiklund, F; Gronberg, H; Haiman, CA; Schleutker, J; Nordestgaard, BG; Travis, RC; Neal, D; Donovan, J; Hamdy, FC; Pashayan, N; Khaw, K-T; Stanford, JL; Blot, WJ; Thibodeau, S; Maier, C; Kibel, AS; Cybulski, C; Cannon-Albright, L; Brenner, H; Park, J; Kaneva, R; Batra, J; Teixeira, MR; Pandha, H; PRACTICAL Consortium,; Zuccolo, L (2017-01)
      Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in developed countries, and is a target for risk reduction strategies. The effects of alcohol consumption on prostate cancer incidence and survival remain unclear, potentially ...
    • Ambiguity in a masculine world: Being a BRCA1/2 mutation carrier and a man with prostate cancer. 

      Moynihan, C; Bancroft, EK; Mitra, A; Ardern-Jones, A; Castro, E; Page, EC; Eeles, RA (2017-11)
      <h4>Objective</h4>Increased risk of prostate cancer (PCa) is observed in men with BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. Sex and gender are key determinants of health and disease although unequal care exists between the sexes. Stereotypical ...
    • Analgesic Use and Ovarian Cancer Risk: An Analysis in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium. 

      Trabert, B; Poole, EM; White, E; Visvanathan, K; Adami, H-O; Anderson, GL; Brasky, TM; Brinton, LA; Fortner, RT; Gaudet, M; Hartge, P; Hoffman-Bolton, J; Jones, M; Lacey, JV; Larsson, SC; Mackenzie, GG; Schouten, LJ; Sandler, DP; O'Brien, K; Patel, AV; Peters, U; Prizment, A; Robien, K; Setiawan, VW; Swerdlow, A; van den Brandt, PA; Weiderpass, E; Wilkens, LR; Wolk, A; Wentzensen, N; Tworoger, SS; Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium (OC3) (2019-02)
      BACKGROUND:Aspirin use is associated with reduced risk of several cancers. A pooled analysis of 12 case-control studies showed a 10% decrease in ovarian cancer risk with regular aspirin use, which was stronger for daily ...
    • Analysis of 153 115 patients with hematological malignancies refines the spectrum of familial risk. 

      Sud, A; Chattopadhyay, S; Thomsen, H; Sundquist, K; Sundquist, J; Houlston, RS; Hemminki, K (2019-09)
      Estimating familial cancer risks is clinically important in being able to discriminate between individuals in the population at differing risk for malignancy. To gain insight into the familial risk for the different ...
    • Analysis of Over 140,000 European Descendants Identifies Genetically Predicted Blood Protein Biomarkers Associated with Prostate Cancer Risk. 

      Wu, L; Shu, X; Bao, J; Guo, X; Kote-Jarai, Z; Haiman, CA; Eeles, RA; Zheng, W; PRACTICAL, CRUK, BPC3, CAPS, PEGASUS Consortia (2019-09)
      Several blood protein biomarkers have been associated with prostate cancer risk. However, most studies assessed only a small number of biomarkers and/or included a small sample size. To identify novel protein biomarkers ...
    • Appraising the relevance of DNA copy number loss and gain in prostate cancer using whole genome DNA sequence data. 

      Camacho, N; Van Loo, P; Edwards, S; Kay, JD; Matthews, L; Haase, K; Clark, J; Dennis, N; Thomas, S; Kremeyer, B; Zamora, J; Butler, AP; Gundem, G; Merson, S; Luxton, H; Hawkins, S; Ghori, M; Marsden, L; Lambert, A; Karaszi, K; Pelvender, G; Massie, CE; Kote-Jarai, Z; Raine, K; Jones, D; Howat, WJ; Hazell, S; Livni, N; Fisher, C; Ogden, C; Kumar, P; Thompson, A; Nicol, D; Mayer, E; Dudderidge, T; Yu, Y; Zhang, H; Shah, NC; Gnanapragasam, VJ; CRUK-ICGC Prostate Group; Isaacs, W; Visakorpi, T; Hamdy, F; Berney, D; Verrill, C; Warren, AY; Wedge, DC; Lynch, AG; Foster, CS; Lu, YJ; Bova, GS; Whitaker, HC; McDermott, U; Neal, DE; Eeles, R; Eeles, R; Cooper, CS; Brewer, DS (2017-09-25)
      A variety of models have been proposed to explain regions of recurrent somatic copy number alteration (SCNA) in human cancer. Our study employs Whole Genome DNA Sequence (WGS) data from tumor samples (n = 103) to comprehensively ...
    • Architectures of somatic genomic rearrangement in human cancer amplicons at sequence-level resolution 

      Stratton, M (2007-09)
      For decades, cytogenetic studies have demonstrated that somatically acquired structural rearrangements of the genome are a common feature of most classes of human cancer. However, the characteristics of these rearrangements ...
    • Aspirin, NSAIDs, and Glioma Risk: Original Data from the Glioma International Case-Control Study and a Meta-analysis. 

      Amirian, ES; Ostrom, QT; Armstrong, GN; Lai, RK; Gu, X; Jacobs, DI; Jalali, A; Claus, EB; Barnholtz-Sloan, JS; Il'yasova, D; Schildkraut, JM; Ali-Osman, F; Sadetzki, S; Jenkins, RB; Lachance, DH; Olson, SH; Bernstein, JL; Merrell, RT; Wrensch, MR; Johansen, C; Houlston, RS; Scheurer, ME; Shete, S; Amos, CI; Melin, B; Bondy, ML (2019-03)
      <h4>Background</h4>There have been few studies of sufficient size to address the relationship between glioma risk and the use of aspirin or NSAIDs, and results have been conflicting. The purpose of this study was to examine ...
    • Assessing the effect of obesity-related traits on multiple myeloma using a Mendelian randomisation approach. 

      Went, M; Sud, A; Law, PJ; Johnson, DC; Weinhold, N; Försti, A; van Duin, M; Mitchell, JS; Chen, B; Kuiper, R; Stephens, OW; Bertsch, U; Campo, C; Einsele, H; Gregory, WM; Henrion, M; Hillengass, J; Hoffmann, P; Jackson, GH; Lenive, O; Nickel, J; Nöthen, MM; da Silva Filho, MI; Thomsen, H; Walker, BA; Broyl, A; Davies, FE; Langer, C; Hansson, M; Kaiser, M; Sonneveld, P; Goldschmidt, H; Hemminki, K; Nilsson, B; Morgan, GJ; Houlston, RS (2017-06-16)
    • Assessing the role of insulin-like growth factors and binding proteins in prostate cancer using Mendelian randomization: Genetic variants as instruments for circulating levels. 

      Bonilla, C; Lewis, SJ; Rowlands, M-A; Gaunt, TR; Davey Smith, G; Gunnell, D; Palmer, T; Donovan, JL; Hamdy, FC; Neal, DE; Eeles, R; Easton, D; Kote-Jarai, Z; Al Olama, AA; Benlloch, S; Muir, K; Giles, GG; Wiklund, F; Grönberg, H; Haiman, CA; Schleutker, J; Nordestgaard, BG; Travis, RC; Pashayan, N; Khaw, K-T; Stanford, JL; Blot, WJ; Thibodeau, S; Maier, C; Kibel, AS; Cybulski, C; Cannon-Albright, L; Brenner, H; Park, J; Kaneva, R; Batra, J; Teixeira, MR; Pandha, H; PRACTICAL consortium; Lathrop, M; Martin, RM; Holly, JMP (2016-10)
      Circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) are associated with prostate cancer. Using genetic variants as instruments for IGF peptides, we investigated whether these associations are ...
    • Assessment of polygenic architecture and risk prediction based on common variants across fourteen cancers. 

      Zhang, YD; Hurson, AN; Zhang, H; Choudhury, PP; Easton, DF; Milne, RL; Simard, J; Hall, P; Michailidou, K; Dennis, J; Schmidt, MK; Chang-Claude, J; Gharahkhani, P; Whiteman, D; Campbell, PT; Hoffmeister, M; Jenkins, M; Peters, U; Hsu, L; Gruber, SB; Casey, G; Schmit, SL; O'Mara, TA; Spurdle, AB; Thompson, DJ; Tomlinson, I; De Vivo, I; Landi, MT; Law, MH; Iles, MM; Demenais, F; Kumar, R; MacGregor, S; Bishop, DT; Ward, SV; Bondy, ML; Houlston, R; Wiencke, JK; Melin, B; Barnholtz-Sloan, J; Kinnersley, B; Wrensch, MR; Amos, CI; Hung, RJ; Brennan, P; McKay, J; Caporaso, NE; Berndt, SI; Birmann, BM; Camp, NJ; Kraft, P; Rothman, N; Slager, SL; Berchuck, A; Pharoah, PDP; Sellers, TA; Gayther, SA; Pearce, CL; Goode, EL; Schildkraut, JM; Moysich, KB; Amundadottir, LT; Jacobs, EJ; Klein, AP; Petersen, GM; Risch, HA; Stolzenberg-Solomon, RZ; Wolpin, BM; Li, D; Eeles, RA; Haiman, CA; Kote-Jarai, Z; Schumacher, FR; Al Olama, AA; Purdue, MP; Scelo, G; Dalgaard, MD; Greene, MH; Grotmol, T; Kanetsky, PA; McGlynn, KA; Nathanson, KL; Turnbull, C; Wiklund, F; Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC); Barrett’s and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Consortium (BEACON); Colon Cancer Family Registry (CCFR); Transdisciplinary Studies of Genetic Variation in Colorectal Cancer (CORECT); Endometrial Cancer Association Consortium (ECAC); Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO); Melanoma Genetics Consortium (GenoMEL); Glioma International Case-Control Study (GICC); International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO); Integrative Analysis of Lung Cancer Etiology and Risk (INTEGRAL) Consortium; International Consortium of Investigators Working on Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Epidemiologic Studies (InterLymph); Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC); Oral Cancer GWAS; Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4); Pancreatic Cancer Cohort Consortium (PanScan); Prostate Cancer Association Group to Investigate Cancer Associated Alterations in the Genome (PRACTICAL); Renal Cancer GWAS; Testicular Cancer Consortium (TECAC); Chanock, SJ; Chatterjee, N; Garcia-Closas, M (2020-07-03)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have led to the identification of hundreds of susceptibility loci across cancers, but the impact of further studies remains uncertain. Here we analyse summary-level data from GWAS of ...