WASp modulates RPA function on single-stranded DNA in response to replication stress and DNA damage.
MetadataShow full item record
Perturbation in the replication-stress response (RSR) and DNA-damage response (DDR) causes genomic instability. Genomic instability occurs in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), a primary immunodeficiency disorder, yet the mechanism remains largely uncharacterized. Replication protein A (RPA), a single-strand DNA (ssDNA) binding protein, has key roles in the RSR and DDR. Here we show that human WAS-protein (WASp) modulates RPA functions at perturbed replication forks (RFs). Following genotoxic insult, WASp accumulates at RFs, associates with RPA, and promotes RPA:ssDNA complexation. WASp deficiency in human lymphocytes destabilizes RPA:ssDNA-complexes, impairs accumulation of RPA, ATR, ETAA1, and TOPBP1 at genotoxin-perturbed RFs, decreases CHK1 activation, and provokes global RF dysfunction. las17 (yeast WAS-homolog)-deficient S. cerevisiae also show decreased ScRPA accumulation at perturbed RFs, impaired DNA recombination, and increased frequency of DNA double-strand break (DSB)-induced single-strand annealing (SSA). Consequently, WASp (or Las17)-deficient cells show increased frequency of DSBs upon genotoxic insult. Our study reveals an evolutionarily conserved, essential role of WASp in the DNA stress-resolution pathway, such that WASp deficiency provokes RPA dysfunction-coupled genomic instability.
DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded
Replication Protein A
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein
Cancer and Genome Instab
License start date
Nature Communications, 2022, 13 (1), pp. 3743 -
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Structural Basis for Auto-Inhibition of the NDR1 Kinase Domain by an Atypically Long Activation Segment. Xiong, S; Lorenzen, K; Couzens, AL; Templeton, CM; Rajendran, D; et al. (CELL PRESS, 2018-08-07)The human NDR family kinases control diverse aspects of cell growth, and are regulated through phosphorylation and association with scaffolds such as MOB1. Here, we report the crystal structure of the human NDR1 kinase ...
Phosphorylation-mediated interactions with TOPBP1 couple 53BP1 and 9-1-1 to control the G1 DNA damage checkpoint. Bigot, N; Day, M; Baldock, RA; Watts, FZ; Oliver, AW; et al. (ELIFE SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2019-05-28)Coordination of the cellular response to DNA damage is organised by multi-domain 'scaffold' proteins, including 53BP1 and TOPBP1, which recognise post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation, methylation and ...
Aarts, M; Sharpe, R; Garcia-Murillas, I; Gevensleben, H; Hurd, MS; et al. (AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH, 2012-06-01)Inhibition of the protein kinase WEE1 synergizes with chemotherapy in preclinical models and WEE1 inhibitors are being explored as potential cancer therapies. Here, we investigate the mechanism that underlies this synergy. ...